Reconstruction, Political and Economic, 1865-1877 Volume 3

Reconstruction, Political and Economic, 1865-1877 Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...still distinctly in the ascendant in Republican councils, and the moderates were gradually forced away into the Liberal movement that was now developing. The elections of 1870 showed great Republican losses throughout the Union. In the new House of Representatives the majority would be reduced from ninety-seven to thirty-five, ' and North Carolina and Alabama, as had been anticipated, were carried by the Democrats. But these reverses only nerved the radicals in Congress to more strenuous pursuit of the part they had chosen. By act of February 28, 1871, a rigorous system of Federal supervision over congressional elections was established. This was designed not only to supplement the weakness and inefficiency of the radical state governments in the South, but also to counteract the fraudulent and violent practices which prevailed in New York and other large cities of the North. With particular reference to the South, on the reluctantly given recommendation of the president,4 1 See speeches of Ferry and Schurz, Cong. Globe, 41 Cong., 2 Sess., 3489, 3607. Tribune Almanac, 1871, p. 45; 1872, p. 52. U. S. Statutes at Large, XVI., 433. 4 Message of March 23, 1871, Richardson, Messages and Papers, VII., 127; Boutwell, Reminiscences, II., 252; Hoar, Autobiography, I., 205. Congress passed the second great enforcement act, generally called the Ku-Klux act, April 20, 1871.1 A concrete basis for the law was found in the anarchic conditions which prevailed in some parts of North Carolina.1 The activity of Ku-Klux Klans had been manifest and merciless, and the efforts of the Republican state government to maintain order resulted in its own overthrow in the elections.' By the radicals at Washington, led by Morton and Butler, the disorders in the more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 181g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236838203
  • 9781236838209