Preface. Session 1: Maternal Nutrition and its Effects on the Fetus and Newborn. 1. Fetal Undernutrition and Disease in Adult Disease; D.J.P. Barker. 2. Nutrition of Pregnant Mothers in Developing Countries; S.D. Poppitt. 3. What Determines the Production and Composition of Breast Milk? K.J. Motil. 4. Essential Fatty Acids, Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcome; G. Hornstra, et al. 5. Experimental Approaches to Improve Intrauterine Growth Retardation; F.C. Battaglia. Session 2: Infant Nutrition and Body Composition. 6. Body Composition in the First Year of Life; N.C. de Bruin, et al. 7. Bone Mineralization During the First Year of Life; J. Rigo, et al. 8. Nutrition and Linear Growth in Childhood; J. Karlberg, K. Albertsson- Wikland. 9. Infant Feeding and Body Composition in Later Life; D.S. Lewis. Session 3: Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (LCPUFA) in Infant Nutrition. 10. Effects of n-3 Fatty Acid Deficiency in Non- Human Primates; S. Reisbick, et al. 11. Essential Fatty Acid Metabolism in Neonates; V.P. Carnielli, P.J.J. Sauer. 12. LCPUFA Requirements for Preterm Infants: Neurophysiological Studies; R. Uauy, et al. 13. Defining the LCPUFA Requirement of Term Infants; M. Makrides, R.A. Gibson. 14. LCPUFA Status and Developmental Quotient in Term Infants Fed Different Dietary Sources of Lipids in the First Months of Life; C. Agostoni, et al. 15. LCPUFA and Functional Development of Preterm and Term Infants; S. Carlson. 16. Do LCPUFA Influence Infant Cognitive Behaviour? J.S. Forsyth, P. Willatts. 17. Supply and Metabolism of LCPUFA in Term Infants; B. Loletzko, et al. Session 4: Selected Nutrients in Infancy: Essentiality and Deficiency. 18. Is Dietary Cholesterol Beneficial to the Infant?; D.L. Hachey, et al. 19. Nutrient Deficiency in the Breast-Fed Infant; B. Wharton. 20. Iron Deficiency in Infants: Three Topics of Current Interest; P.R. Dallman. 21. What are the Essential Amino Acids for the Preterm and Term Infant? P.B. Pencharz, et al. Session 5: Nutrition and the Integrity of the Gut System. 22. Microbial Colonization of the Intestine of the Newborn; S. Hudault. 23. Metabolism and Nutrition of the Gastrointestinal Tract; M. Elia. 24. Development of the Mucosal Immune System in Humans; P. Brandtzaeg. 25. The Role of Lactoferrin in the Gastrointestinal Tract; O.M. Conneely, et al. Index.