Recalibrating Reform

Recalibrating Reform : The Limits of Political Change

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Some of the most important eras of reform in US history reveal a troubling pattern: often reform is compromised after the initial legislative and judicial victories have been achieved. Thus Jim Crow racial exclusions followed Reconstruction; employer prerogatives resurged after the passage of the Wagner Act in 1935; and after the civil rights reforms of the mid-twentieth century, principles of color-blindness remain dominant in key areas of constitutional law that allow structural racial inequalities to remain hidden or unaddressed. When momentous reforms occur, certain institutions and legal rights will survive the disruption and remain intact, just in different forms. Thus governance in the post-reform period reflects a systematic recalibration or reshaping of the earlier reforms as a result of the continuing influence and power of such resilient institutions and rights. Recalibrating Reform examines this issue and demonstrates the pivotal role of the Supreme Court in post-reform recalibration.
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Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 28 b/w illus.
  • 1139699474
  • 9781139699471

Table of contents

Part I. Introduction: Introduction. Reconstructing governance; 1. The theory and political processes of recalibration; 2. The Supreme Court and transformative recalibration; Part II. Legal Reform and its Delimitation: 3. Emancipation, the reconstruction era, and delimitation; 4. Labor rights, the new deal era, and delimitation; 5. Constitutional equal protection, the civil rights era, and delimitation; 6. Explaining judicial delimiting behavior; Part III. The Construction and Maintenance of Governance: 7. The entrenchment and maintenance of the Jim Crow order; 8. The entrenchment and maintenance of industrial pluralism; 9. The entrenchment and maintenance of the anti-classification order; 10. Explaining order-affirming and tension-managing judicial behavior; 11. Conclusion; Acknowledgements; Bibliography.
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Review quote

'We celebrate great moments of legal change but fail to pay enough attention to the end of reform. Chinn's superb book challenges us all to rethink how courts apply, adjust, and sometimes frustrate landmark achievements of the people.' Robert L. Tsai, American University, Washington DC 'A remarkable and highly original book. Looking across the span of American history, Chinn identifies a recurring mismatch between major policy changes and their consequences: transformative legal and political decisions repeatedly result in substantially less-than-transformative governing arrangements. Chinn's innovative analysis will alter how scholars think about patterns of American political development and the significance of judicial power.' Keith J. Bybee, Paul E. and Hon. Joanne F. Alper '72 Judiciary Studies Professor, Syracuse University, New York 'How do constitutional revolutions end? Chinn puts the spotlight on this much-neglected question and provides a penetrating set of answers that set a new agenda in both law and political science.' Bruce Ackerman, Sterling Professor of Law and Political Science, Yale University, Connecticut 'This ambitious book makes a substantial contribution to our understanding of the role of the Supreme Court in American political development. Stuart Chinn has given us our first sustained exploration of the institutional dynamics of retrenchment and accommodation between old and new and conservative and liberal legal-constitutional orders. With great synthetic power and brilliant narrative detail, Chinn shows us how the court recurrently steps in to manage these clashes and fashion the new rules of the game.' William E. Forbath, Lloyd M. Bentsen Chair in Law and Professor of History, University of Texas, Austin 'Drawing on often opposed theories of judicial behavior and extensive historical research, Recalibrating Reform contends forcefully that judges, even the reform minded, are institutionally conditioned to resist major legal transformations - and so major political transformations. This convincing argument will influence scholars of judicial behavior and American constitutional development for years to come.' Rogers M. Smith, Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania 'Recalibrating Reform is an illuminating work on the role of the US Supreme Court in social change. Stuart Chinn examines the aftermath of reform in the areas of race and labor, arguing that when the court takes up the intersection between new norms and preexisting legal frameworks, it narrows reform to negotiate between prior laws and the new regime. The court's effort to manage legal tension, Chinn argues, limits the possibilities of reform through courts. An original and important contribution.' Mary L. Dudziak, Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Law, Emory University, Atlanta
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About Stuart Chinn

Stuart Chinn is an assistant professor at the University of Oregon School of Law. He received his BA, PhD (political science) and JD degrees from Yale University. Previously, he was a visiting assistant professor at the University of Texas School of Law. His research and teaching interests are in constitutional law, constitutional theory, legislation, and legal and political history. He has published in the journals Law and Social Inquiry, The Journal of Law, and Polity, and has a book chapter in the edited volume Living Legislation (2012).
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