Reason's Muse

Reason's Muse : Sexual Difference and the Birth of Democracy

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The French Revolution proclaimed the equality of all human beings, yet women remained less than equal in the new society. The exclusion of women at the birth of modern democracy required considerable justification, and by tracing the course of this reasoning through early 19th-century texts, Genevieve Fraisse maps a moment of crisis in the history of sexual difference. Through an analysis of literary, religious, legal, philosophical and medical texts, Fraisse links a range of positions on women's proper role in society to specific historical and rhetorical circumstances. She shows how the Revolution marked a sharp break in the way women were represented in language, as traditional bantering about the "war of the sexes" gave way to serious discussions of the political and social meanings of sexual difference. Following this discussion on three different planes - the economical, the political, and the biological - Fraisse looks at the exclusion of women against the backdrop of democracy's inevitable lie: the affirmation of an equality so abstract it was impossible to concretely apply.
This study of the place of sexual equality in the founding moment of democracy offers insight into a persistent question: whether female emancipation is to be found through the achievement of equality with men or in the celebration of female difference.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 226 pages
  • 159 x 235 x 18mm | 426g
  • University of Chicago Press
  • Chicago, IL, United States
  • English
  • 0226259692
  • 9780226259697

Table of contents

Series Editor's Foreword Catharine R. Stimpson Foreword Joan W. Scott Introduction: Troubled Reason Ch. 1: La Querelle Ch. 2: The Fine Mind Ch. 3: The Weakness of the Species Ch. 4: The Politics of the Exception Ch. 5: Women's Soul Ch. 6: History and Rhetoric: From the Querelle to the Impossible Trial Conclusion Bibliography Index
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About Genevieve Fraisse

Genevieve Fraisse is the director of research in philosophy at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and a specialist in the history of women.
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9 ratings
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