Reason and Religious Belief

Reason and Religious Belief : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

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What is the status of belief in God? Must a rational case be made or can such belief be properly basic? Is it possible to reconcile the concept of a good God with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one religion be true? The most comprehensive work of its kind, Reason and Religious Belief, now in its third edition, explores these and other perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine religious experience, faith and reason, theistic arguments, the problem of evil, Reformed epistemology, miracles, and religious language. They also treat subjects not often included in competing texts, such as process theism, religious pluralism, religion and science, and the relationship between religion and morality. The third edition retains the engaging style and thorough coverage of previous editions and also takes into account the latest contributions in the field by such thinkers as Plantinga, Alston, Martin, Murphy, Dembski, M. Adams, and Swinburne. Integrating a variety of perspectives, it adds a chapter on the openness of God debate, several sections on feminist concerns, and frequent comparisons of how Eastern religions compare with Western theism. A sophisticated yet accessible introduction, Reason and Religious Belief, 3/e is ideally suited for use with a companion volume, the authors' 2000 OUP anthology, Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, 2/ more

Product details

  • Paperback | 336 pages
  • 154 x 232 x 18mm | 458.13g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 3rd Revised edition
  • 0195156951
  • 9780195156959
  • 1,310,877

Table of contents

Preface to the Third Edition; Preface to the Second Edition; Preface to the First Edition; INTRODUCTION; 1. THINKING ABOUT GOD: THE SEARCH FOR THE ULTIMATE; Defining Religion; What is Philosophy of Religion?; The God of Theism; The Religious Ambiguity of Life; Our Task; 2. RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO ENCOUNTER THE DIVINE?; Types of Religious Experience; Religious Experience as Feeling; Religious Experience as Perceptual Experience; Religious Experience as Interpretation Based on Religious Beliefs; Can Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief?; The Principle of Credulity; Diversity of Religious Experiences; Is There a Common Core to Religious Experience?; 3. FAITH AND REASON: HOW ARE THEY RELATED?; Can Reason Be Trusted?; Strong Rationalism; Fideism; Critical Rationalism; 4. THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES: WHAT IS GOD LIKE?; Perfect and Worthy of Worship; Necessary and Self-Existent; Personal and Free Creator; All-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly Good; God Eternal--Timeless or Everlasting; 5. THEISTIC ARGUMENTS: IS THERE EVIDENCE FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE?; Theistic Arguments as Proof; The Ontological Argument; Contemporary Versions of the Ontological Argument; The Cosmological Argument; The Kalam Cosmological Argument; An Atheistic Argument from the Big Bang; The Atemporal Cosmological Argument; The Analogical Teleological Argument; The Anthropic Teleological Argument; The Intelligent Design Telelogical Argument; The Moral Argument; Cumulative Case Arguments and God; The God of Religion and of Philosophy; 6. KNOWING GOD WITHOUT ARGUMENTS: DOES THEISM NEED A BASIS?; Evidentialism; Critique of Evidentialism; Plantinga on Properly Basic Beliefs; Alston on Perceiving God; Plantinga on Warrant and Knowledge; 7. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL: THE CASE AGAINST GOD'S EXISTENCE; The Logical Problem of Evil; The Evidential Problem of Evil; Defense and Theodicy; Themes in Theodicy; Some Important Global Theodicies; Horrendous Evils and the Assessment of Theism; 8. DIVINE ACTION: HOW DOES GOD RELATE TO THE WORLD?; What Kind of Power Does God Exercise?; Does God Know What Would Have Happened?; Does God Know the Actual Future?; What If the Future Is Truly Open?; 9. MIRACLES: DOES GOD INTERVENE IN EARTHLY AFFAIRS?; Miracles Defined; Miracles as Historical Events; Miracles as Unexplainable Events; Miracles as Acts of God; Practical Considerations; 10. LIFE AFTER DEATH: ARE THERE REASONS FOR HOPE?; Terminology; Concepts of Life after Death; Personal Identity and the Soul; Immortality of the Soul; Criticism of the Soul Concept; The Self as a Psychophysical Unity; Re-creation and Spatio-Temporal Continuity; A Posteriori Arguments for Life after Death; A Priori Arguments for Life after Death; Prospects; 11. RELIGIOUS LANGUAGE: HOW CAN WE SPEAK MEANINGFULLY OF GOD?; Human Language and the Infinite; The Classical Theory of Analogy; Verification and Falsification Issues; The Functions of Religious Discourse; Religious Language as Symbolic; Feminism and Masculine God-Talk; Can Talk of God Be Literal?; 12. RELIGION AND SCIENCE: COMPATIBLE OR INCOMPATIBLE?; Do Religion and Science Conflict?; Are Religion and Science Independent?; Is Dialogue Possible?; Attempts at Integration; Insights; 13. RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY: HOW CAN WE UNDERSTAND DIFFERENCES AMONG RELIGIONS?; Religious Diversity; Exclusivism; Critique of Exclusivism; Exclusivism and Justified Belief; Pluralism; Critique of Pluralism; Pluralism as a Plurality of Salvations; Inclusivism; Critique of Inclusivism; Criteria for Assessing Religions; 14. RELIGIOUS ETHICS: THE RELATION OF GOD TO MORALITY; The Source of Religious Ethical Truth; The Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical Truth; The Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical Truth; The Significance of Religiously Based Ethical Truth; Current Issues; 15. THE CONTINUING QUEST: GOD AND THE HUMAN VENTURE; The Intellectual Process; Philosophical Activity and Religious Faith; Where Do We Go from Here?; Name Index; General Indexshow more

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