Reason and Religious Belief

Reason and Religious Belief : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

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What is the status of belief in God? Must a rational case be made or can such belief be properly basic? Is it possible to reconcile the concept of a good God with evil and suffering? In light of great differences among religions, can only one religion be true? The most comprehensive work of its kind, Reason and Religious Belief, now in its fourth edition, explores these and other perennial questions in the philosophy of religion. Drawing from the best in both classical and contemporary discussions, the authors examine religious experience, faith and reason, the divine attributes, arguments for and against the existence of God, divine action (in various forms of theism), Reformed epistemology, religious language, religious diversity, religion and science, and much more. Retaining the engaging style and thorough coverage of previous editions, the fourth edition adds a critical new chapter on the ontological status of religion and the nature of religious claims. It also features revised treatments of omnipotence, miracles, and providence and updated suggestions for further reading.A sophisticated yet accessible introduction, Reason and Religious Belief, Fourth Edition, is ideally suited for use with the authors' companion anthology, Philosophy of Religion: Selected Readings, Third Edition (OUP, 2006).show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 362 pages
  • 150 x 232 x 18mm | 539.77g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 4th Revised edition
  • 0195335996
  • 9780195335996
  • 530,010

Review quote

"I believe that Reason and Religious Belief is the best text available for an introductory philosophy of religion course. One of the greatest strengths is its fair representation of differing positions and approaches to problems. The level is just right for my purposes - introducing students to philosophy of religion in a way that challenges them." - Gordon Pettit, Western Illinois University"The treatments of opposing viewpoints are fair and well balanced. The writing style is superb: consistently economical, engaging, and clear." - Gary Rosenkrantz, University of North Carolina at Greensboroshow more

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION; 1. THINKING ABOUT GOD: THE SEARCH FOR THE ULTIMATE; Defining Religion; What is Philosophy of Religion?; The God of Theism; The Religious Ambiguity of Life; Our Task; 2. THE NATURE OF RELIGION: WHAT ARE RELIGIOUS BELIEFS ABOUT?; Non-realism; Realism; Wittgenstein; Implications for Philosophy of Religion; 3. RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO ENCOUNTER THE DIVINE?; Types of Religious Experience; Religious Experience as Feeling; Some Religious Experience as Perceptual Experience; Religious Experience as Interpretation Based on Religious Beliefs; Can Religious Experience Justify Religious Belief?; The Principle of Credulity; Diversity of Religious Experiences; Is There a Common Core to Religious Experience?; 4. FAITH AND REASON: HOW ARE THEY RELATED?; Can Reason Be Trusted?; Strong Rationalism; Fideism; Critical Rationalism; 5. THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES: WHAT IS GOD LIKE?; Perfect and Worthy of Worship; Necessary and Self-Existent; Personal and Free Creator; All-Powerful, All-Knowing, and Perfectly Good; God Eternal--Timeless or Everlasting; 6. THEISTIC ARGUMENTS: IS THERE EVIDENCE FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE?; Theistic Arguments as Proofs; The Ontological Argument; Contemporary Versions of the Ontological Argument; The Cosmological Argument; The Kal=am Cosmological Argument; An Atheistic Argument from the Big Bang; The Atemporal Cosmological Argument; The Analogical Teleological Argument; The Anthropic Teleological Argument; The Intelligent Design Teleological Argument; The Moral Argument; Cumulative Case Arguments and God; The God of Religion and of Philosophy; 7. KNOWING GOD WITHOUT ARGUMENTS: DOES THEISM NEED A BASIS?; Evidentialism; Critique of Evidentialism; Plantinga on Properly Basic Beliefs; Alston on Perceiving God; Plantinga on Warrant and Knowledge; 8. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL: THE CASE AGAINST GOD'S EXISTENCE; The Logical Problem of Evil; The Evidential Problem of Evil; Defense and Theodicy; Themes in Theodicy; Some Important Global Theodicies; Horrendous Evils and the Assessment of Theism; 9. DIVINE ACTION: HOW DOES GOD RELATE TO THE WORLD?; What Kind of Power Does God Exercise?; What Kind of Freedom Has God Given?; Does God Know What Would Have Happened?; Does God Know the Actual Future?; What If the Future Is Truly Open?; 10. MIRACLES: DOES GOD INTERVENE IN EARTHLY AFFAIRS?; Miracles Defined; Miracles as Historical Events; Miracles as Unexplainable Events; 11. LIFE AFTER DEATH: ARE THERE REASONS FOR HOPE?; Terminology; Concepts of Life after Death; Personal Identity and the Soul; Immortality of the Soul; Criticism of the Soul-Concept; The Self as a Psychophysical Unity; Re-creation and Spatio-Temporal Continuity; A Posteriori Arguments for Life after Death; A Priori Arguments for Life after Death; Prospects; 12. RELIGIOUS LANGUAGE: HOW CAN WE SPEAK MEANINGFULLY OF GOD?; Human Language and the Infinite; The Classical Theory of Analogy; Verification and Falsification Issues; The Functions of Religious Discourse; Religious Language as Symbolic; Feminism and Masculine God-Talk; Can Talk of God Be Literal?; 13. RELIGION AND SCIENCE: COMPATIBLE OR INCOMPATIBLE?; Do Religion and Science Conflict?; Are Religion and Science Independent?; Is Dialogue Possible?; Attempts at Integration; Insights; 14. RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY: HOW CAN WE UNDERSTAND DIFFERENCES AMONG RELIGIONS?; Religious Diversity; Exclusivism; Critique of Exclusivism; Exclusivism and Justified Belief; Pluralism; Critique of Pluralism; Pluralism as a Plurality of Salvations; Inclusivism; Critique of Inclusivism; Criteria for Assessing Religions; 15. RELIGIOUS ETHICS: THE RELATION OF GOD TO MORALITY; The Source of Religious Ethical Truth; The Authoritative Basis of Religious Ethical Truth; The Acquisition of Religiously Based Ethical Truth; The Significance of Religiously Based Ethical Truth; Current Issues; 16. THE CONTINUING QUEST: GOD AND THE HUMAN VENTURE; The Intellectual Process; Philosophical Activity and Religious Faith; Where Do We Go from Here?show more

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153 ratings
3.75 out of 5 stars
5 20% (31)
4 42% (65)
3 30% (46)
2 7% (11)
1 0% (0)
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