Rational Intuition : Philosophical Roots, Scientific Investigations
What is intuition? What constitutes an intuitive process? Why are intuition concepts important? After many years of scholarly neglect, interest in intuition is now exploding in psychology and cognitive science. Moreover, intuition is also enjoying a renaissance in philosophy. Yet no single definition of intuition appears in contemporary scholarship; there is no consensus on the meaning of this concept in any discipline. Rational Intuition focuses on conceptions of intuition in relation to rational processes. Covering a broad range of historical and contemporary contexts, prominent philosophers, psychologists, and cognitive scientists explore how intuition is implicated in rational activity in its diverse forms. In bringing the philosophical history of intuition into novel dialogue with contemporary philosophical and empirical research, Lisa M. Osbeck and Barbara S. Held invite a comparison of the conceptions and functions of intuition, thereby clarifying and advancing conceptual analysis across disciplines.
- Electronic book text
- 05 Sep 2014
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 8 b/w illus. 3 tables
Table of contents
Introduction Lisa M. Osbeck and Barbara S. Held; Part I. Intuition in Western Philosophy: 1. Intuition in Aristotle Robert Bolton; 2. Ockham: intuition and knowledge Claude Panaccio; 3. Descartes on intuition and ideas Peter Machamer and Marcus P. Adams; 4. In a grain of sand: Spinoza's conception of intuition William Meehan; 5. Kant: intuition and the synthetic a priori Daniel N. Robinson; 6. Husserl's phenomenological theory of intuition Chad Kidd; 7. Bergsonian intuition: getting back into duration Heath Massey; 8. Intuition in mathematics Elijah Chudnoff; 9. Intuition in contemporary philosophy Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa; Part II. Intuition in Psychology and Cognitive Science: 10. Expert intuition Edward T. Cokely and Adam Feltz; 11. Intuition in strategic thinking William Duggan; 12. Intuition in Kahneman and Tversky's Psychology of Rationality Thomas Sturm; 13. Creative intuition: how eureka results from three neural mechanisms Paul Thagard; 14. Becoming knowledge: cognitive and neural mechanisms that support scientific intuition Sanjay Chandrasekharan; 15. Intuition in twenty-first-century moral psychology Roger Giner-Sorolla; 16. Intuitions in the study of language: syntax and semantics Peter Slezak; 17. Jung and Whitehead: an interplay of psychological and philosophical perspectives on rationality and intuition Farzad Mahootian and Tara-Marie Linne.
'Rational Intuition is a timely collection on the philosophy and psychology of intuition. It is an excellent resource for anyone interested in the methodology of philosophy or the nature of human cognition.' Ernest Sosa, Board of Governors Professor, Rutgers University, New Jersey 'The only collection of its kind, this is a remarkable scholarly compendium of diverse philosophical, psychological, and neuroscientific chapters about the timely and important topic of intuition. It is crucial for anyone interested in cutting-edge ideas about rationality and intuition. Philosophers, cognitive neuroscientists, and others will come away with an enriched perspective on this important multidisciplinary subject.' John Kounios, Director of the Doctoral Program in Applied Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia 'As a tightly edited and broadly interdisciplinary volume, Rational Intuition showcases scholarship that cuts through the dross and shows how we can make sense of intuition as a central concept in psychology and philosophy. A smart and engaging collection, the volume will serve to demonstrate the importance of intuition to wider fields of study and save it from the confusion in which it has languished in recent years.' Henderikus J. Stam, editor of Theory and Psychology