Excerpt from Raleigh, N. C., Directory, 1911-1912: Containing an Alphabetically Arranged List of Business Firms and Private Citizens; A Classified List of All Trades, Professions and Pursuits; A Street and Avenue Directory in Numerical Order; Head of Households; A Miscellaneous Directory of the City Etc
Raleigh, the capital of the State of North Carolina, was founded in 1792, and named for Sir Walter Raleigh, the famous knight and courtier who during the reign of Queen Elizabeth sent the first expedition into what is now the territory of the United States, this having made the first settlement on Roanoke Island, near the coast, eastward from Raleigh. The land on which Raleigh now stands was purchased by a commission, named by the legislature, from Joel Lane, and the streets were set apart and also five public squares, the commission having given names to all of these. The State Capitol stand in Union Square; the Governor's Mansion in Burke Square; the State School for the \vhite Blind in Caswell Square, and the other two squares, Nash and Moore; are used as parks. The streets are at right angles and these and the squares are the property of the State and not of the city. The four principal streets, 99 feet wide, are named after former capitals, New Bern, Halifax, Fayetteville and Hillsboro, and point in the direction of those places; the other streets being 66 feet wide. The state also owns the granite quarry from which the stone used in constructing the present capitol was taken, this build ing having been completed in 1840.
Raleigh is unique in that the site purchased by the State for the capital, its streets and parks within the boundary, are State and not city property. It is unique in another respect; it is the only city which during the war between the States was formally sur rendered to the Federal authorities; this surrender having been made by commissioners who met General Sherman, commander of the United States forces, in April, 1865, a few miles south of the city.
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