The "Racial" Economy of Science

The "Racial" Economy of Science : Toward a Democratic Future

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"The classic and recent essays gathered here will challenge scholars in the natural sciences, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and women's studies to examine the role of racism in the construction and application of the sciences. Harding... has also created a useful text for diverse classroom settings." -Library Journal"A rich lode of readily accessible thought on the nature and practice of science in society. Highly recommended." -Choice"This is an excellent collection of essays that should prove useful in a wide range of STS courses." -Science, Technology, and Society"... important and provocative... "-The Women's Review of Books"The timeliness and utility of this large interdisciplinary reader on the relation of Western science to other cultures and to world history can hardly be overemphasized. It provides a tremendous resource for teaching and for research... "-Ethics"Excellent." -The Reader's Review"Sandra Harding is an intellectually fearless scholar. She has assembled a bold, impressive collection of essays to make a volume of illuminating power. This brilliantly edited book is essential reading for all who seek understanding of the multicultural debates of our age. Never has a book been more timely." -Darlene Clark HineThese authors dispute science's legitimation of culturally approved definitions of race difference-including craniology and the measurement of IQ, the notorious Tuskegee syphilis experiments, and the dependence of Third World research on First World agendas.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 544 pages
  • 160.02 x 228.6 x 30.48mm | 748.42g
  • Indiana University Press
  • Bloomington, IN, United States
  • English
  • Midland Book.
  • 4 b&w photos
  • 0253208106
  • 9780253208101
  • 1,171,936

Back cover copy

'The Racial Economy of Science' encompassed a range of crucial issues, including a critical revaluation of the sciences in pre-modern high cultures of China, Africa, and the Andes; how science legitimated culturally approved definitions of race difference; the dependence of Third World research of First World agendas; race, imperialism, and the application of scientific technologies in health and reproduction; developmental agriculture and applied biology in the Third World; environmental racism and environmental crises in developing countries; and visions of programs that create sciences for a democratic world community.show more

Review quote

By racial economy Harding means those institutions, assumptions, and practices that are responsible for disproportionately distributing along 'racial' lines the benefits of Western science to the haves and the bad consequences to the have-nots, thereby enlarging the gap between them. Challenging traditional views of Western science as a progressive force and pure intellectual endeavor, she instead locates it as a Eurocentric institution shaped by the racist, sexist, and imperialist character of the dominant social order (from which ranks its practitioners are still largely drawn), and disserving the needs and interests of the peoples of the Third World and minorities in Western society. She further suggests that science itself has suffered as a creative force by neglecting the potential of non-Western contributions. An impressively broad array of scholarship has been assembled to explore these issues, drawn from scientists and historians of science, activists, and public policy analysts. The essays address themes of non-Western scientific traditions, scientific views of race, who gets to do science, regressive effects of technology on peoples of non-European origin, the supposed value neutrality of science, and the possibilities for a different relationship between science and society. A rich lode of readily accessible thought on the nature and practice of science in society. Highly recommended. General; undergraduate; graduate.L. W. Moore, formerly, University of Kentucky, Choice, May 1994show more

About Sandra Harding

SANDRA HARDING, a philosopher, is Professor of Education and Women Studies at UCLA. She is author of Whose Science: Whose Knowledge?: Thinking from Women's Lives and The Science Question in Feminism, and editor of Feminism and Methodology: Social Science Issues.show more

Table of contents

PrefaceIntroduction: Eurocentric Scientific Illiteracy-A Challenge for the World CommunitySandra HardingI. Early Non-Western Scientific TraditionsPoverties and Triumphs of the Chinese Scientific TraditionJoseph NeedhamBlack Athena: Hostilities to Egypt in the Eighteenth CenturyMartin BernalEarly Andean Experimental AgricultureJack WeatherfordII. Science Constructs "Race"American Polygeny and Craniometry before Darwin: Blacks and Indians as Separate, Inferior SpeciesStephen Jay GouldRacial Classifications: Popular and ScientificGloria A. MarshallThe Study of RaceS.L. WashburnOn the Nonexistence of Human RacesFrank B. LivingstoneIQ: The Rank Ordering of the WorldR.C. Lewontin, Steven Rose, and Leon J. KaminThe Health of Black Folk: Disease, Class, and Ideology in ScienceNancy Krieger and Mary BassettAppropriating the Idioms of Science: The Rejection of Scientific RacismNancy Leys Stepan and Sander L. GilmanIII. Who Gets to Do Science?Aesculapius Was a White Man: Race and the Cult of True WomanhoodRonald T. TakakiCo-Laborer-in the Work of the Lord: Nineteenth-century Black Women PhysiciansDarlene Clark HineErnest Everett Just: The role of Foundation Support for Black Scientists 1920-1929Kenneth R. ManningNever Meant to Survive: A Black Woman's Journey-An Interview with Evelynn HammondsAimee SandsIncreasing the Participation of Black Women in Science and TechnologyShirley MalcomWithout More Minorities, Women, Disabled, U.S. Scientific Failure Certain, Fed Study SaysEileen M. O'BrienModern Science and the Periphery: The Characteristics of Dependent KnowledgeSusantha GoonatilakeIV. Science's Technologies and ApplicationsThe Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment: "A Moral Astigmatism"James JonesCalling the Shots? The International Politics of Depo-ProveraPhillida BunkleColonialism and the Evolution of Masculinist ForestryVandana ShivaApplied Biology in the Third World: The Struggle for Revolutionary ScienceRichard Levins and Richard LewontinEnvironmental RacismKarl GrossmanV. Objectivity, Method, and Nature: Value Neutral?Methods and Values in ScienceNational Academy of SciencesNazi Medicine and the Politics of KnowledgeRobert ProctorRace and Gender: The Role of Analogy in ScienceNancy Leys StepanThe Bio-politics of a Multicultural FieldDonna HarawayCultural Differences in High-Energy Physics: Contrasts between Japan and the United StatesSharon TraweekThe "Relevance" of Anthropology to Colonialism and ImperialismJack StauderVI. The Future: Toward a Democratic Strategy For World SciencesScience and Democracy: A Fundamental CorrelationJoseph NeedhamPeople's ScienceBill Zimmerman et al.Science and Black PeopleEditorial, The Black ScholarScience, Technology and Black Community DevelopmentRobert C. JohnsonTowards a Democratic Strategy for Science: The New Politics of ScienceDavid DicksonModern Science in Crisis: A Third World ResponseThird World NetworkName Indexshow more

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26 ratings
3.96 out of 5 stars
5 35% (9)
4 38% (10)
3 19% (5)
2 4% (1)
1 4% (1)
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