Georg Rusche was a noted German sociologist and criminologist, and a member of the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research. Otto Kirchheimer (1905-1965) was born in Germany, emigrated to France in 1933, and then to the United States in 1937. Educated in the Universities of Muenster, Berlin, Koeln and Bonn, he was a professor at of political science at the German Trade Union School, American University, Howard University, the New School of Social Research, the University of Freiburg, and Columbia University. He was also a research analyst at the Paris Branch of the International Institute of Social Research and the United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS). In addition to contributing to several political science journals and conferences, Kirchheimer authored Political Justice: The Use of Legal Procedures for Political Ends. Dario Melossi is professor of criminology at the University of Bologna, Italy. He is the co-author (with Massimo Pavarini) of The Prison and the Factory: Origins of the Penitentiary System, author of The State of Social Control: A Sociological Study of Concepts of State and Social Control in the Making of Democracy, and editor of The Sociology of Punishment.