Excerpt from The Public Health Journal, Vol. 7: March, 1916
Have not you all seen a picture such as this which I shall attempt to describe. On a slope above and not far from the coun try road is a farm house. Directly above it on the hill at a distance of fifty yards or more is the barn, possibly much larger than the house. And ﬂanked on each side by piles of manure, lying open to the wind and weather. A well marked path or road leads from the house to the barn. On one side of this road are clustered the smaller outbuildings, including the pig pen and the privy, while on the other side is the farm garden. The most heavily man ured spot on the whole extent of the farm. Nearer to the house is the well, surrounded by troughs or tubs from which the farm stock is watered.
On examining a little more closely. One sees well marked signs of drainage from the barn above the path or road to or past the well. The privy is the ordinary farm privy, open to every wind that blows and also to every ﬂy that blows and ﬂies, a building constructed over a shallow pit. At a spot within a short distance of the dwelling, but where it is evident that ease of access has been considered more than the sanitary one of drainage. In respect to the well, it is a du'g well. Lined with loose masonry, built about six inches above the level of the ground and sur mounted by a platform of boards on which is built the curb. Looking closely we see that water spilt on the curb. And there contaminated can easily ﬂow back through the platform. Or if it ﬂows off the platform, falls on the loosely filled masonry and thence back to the well. Liens and geese wander around the yard, their excrement being frequently in evi dence, and possibly while we are watch ing, the farm dog meditatively cocks one hind leg up against the well curb. It is easy to see that all the wash water and kitchen slops are thrown from the small stoup in front of the kitchen door, in the general direction of the dooryard, and from the same platform are scattered the scraps of food from the table, given to the poultry.
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