The Psychology of Reasoning, Based on Experimental Researches in Hypnotism

The Psychology of Reasoning, Based on Experimental Researches in Hypnotism

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1912 edition. Excerpt: ... an application of the laws of association by resemblance and by contiguity To explain a psychological fact is, according to Stuart Mill, to show that it is a particular case of the laws of association. We do not intend to inform the reader what is understood by these laws; the subject is well known, thanks to the numerous analyses of English works which we possess. We may merely recall the fact that association by resemblance is the law by which ideas, images and feelings which are alike are called up in the mind. Thus, a portrait evokes the idea of the model. We may also recall the fact that association by contiguity is the law by which two phenom John Stuart Mill, Dissertations and Discussions, III, 105 et seq. ena which have been experienced together tend to associate themselves in our mind, so that the image of the one recalls the image of the other. Such are the laws of association; our cut-and-dried formulae can convey no idea of the immense number of phenomena which these laws explain. However, no one has the right to maintain that these laws are the only ones, and that no others exist. We cannot imagine that we already know all the laws of mind. That would be a singular presumption. So we believe that Stuart Mill was too exclusive in saying that all psychological explanations consist in reducing the fact to be explained to the laws of association. What must be retained of Stuart Mill's opinion is that in psychology, as in all other sciences, an explanation ought to plead nothing outside of truths which are at the same time known and established; now, as the only psychological laws which we can at the present time consider as established are those of association, they are the only ones which we may provisionally introduce more

Product details

  • Paperback | 50 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 109g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236814371
  • 9781236814371