The Psychology of Reading; An Experimental Study of the Reading and Movements of the Eye
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906 edition. Excerpt: ...be put into an elementary school reader, the length of the single fixations and not their number becomes most important. To refer again to the chart (I) on p. 75, although the number of fixations is about the same, the fourth line has a little advantage in the time that is needed for recognition and assimilation. The average durations of the fixation pauses of five subjects (see Table VIII) in reading the same newspaper passage were (Subject T) 160.82,7 (A. D. 36.8); (Subject H) 216.7 (A. D. 50); Subject S) 255.5a (A. D. 87); (Subject P) 401.9,7 (A. D. 163.7); (Subject M) 196,7 (A. D. 79.9). In reading a scientific passage taken from the Popular Science Monthly, the average for T was 169.41a (A. D. 53.01); for H 241a (A. D. 67.3), and for Subject S 253.57a (A. D. 102.7c).1 These differences between subjects are naturally very closely correlated with their differences in the rapidity of reading, as determined by these tests and by others given independently. In the accompanying charts, pp. 75-82, the duration of the pauses in each line and the total and average lengths have been denoted, and on pp. 77-80, several lines of the newspaper column are put in immediate succession for better comparison of these apperceptive differences of the subjects. In the following table (Table VIII, A-D) the average number of fixations has been given with the average and median lengths for several passages. The larger number of pauses in the longer lines shows that the total time per line was, of course, much longer. Table VIII The average and median durations (in a) of the fixation pauses of different subjects in reading the same pages A. A newspaper column. Width of line 57 mm. Height of type 1.5 mm. Av. No. of 1 The times given for these pauses are accurate...
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