The Psychology of Criminal Conduct
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The Psychology of Criminal Conduct

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The Psychology of Criminal Conduct, Sixth Edition, provides a psychological and evidence-informed perspective of criminal behavior that sets it apart from many criminological and mental health explanations of criminal behavior. Drawing upon the General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning theory, James Bonta and Donald Andrews provide an overview of the theoretical context and major knowledge base of the psychology of criminal conduct, discuss the eight major risk/need factors of criminal conduct, examine the prediction and classification of criminal behavior along with prevention and rehabilitation, and summarize the major issues in understanding criminal conduct. This book also offers the Risk/Need/Responsivity (RNR) model of offender assessment and treatment that has guided developments in the subject throughout the world.


In this edition, the first since Andrews' death, Bonta carefully maintains the book's original contributions while presenting these core concepts succinctly, clearly, and elegantly. Appropriate for advanced undergraduates and graduate students as well as for scholars, researchers, and practitioners, The Psychology of Criminal Conduct, Sixth Edition, further extends and refines the authors' body of work.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 450 pages
  • 187 x 235 x 25.4mm | 1,111g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • New edition
  • 6th New edition
  • 26 Line drawings, color; 48 Tables, color; 26 Illustrations, color
  • 113893576X
  • 9781138935761
  • 2,406,343

Table of contents

Preface to the Sixth Edition





Part 1: The Theoretical Context and Knowledge Base
to the Psychology of Criminal Conduct





Chapter 1


An Overview of the Psychology of Criminal Conduct


Definition of the Psychology of Criminal Conduct


Values at the Base of PCC


Objectives of PCC


Definitions of Criminal Behavior


Variation in Criminal Conduct


A Look Ahead


Worth Remembering





Chapter 2


The Empirical Basis to the Psychology of Criminal Conduct


The Research Designs


1. The Correlates of Crime and the Cross-Sectional Research Designs


2. Predictor Variables and the Longitudinal Design


3. Dynamic Predictors and the Multiwave Longitudinal Design


4. Causal Variables and the Randomized Experimental Design


Some Commonly Used Statistics


1. Statistical Significance: p < .05 and Confidence Intervals


2. Statistical Measures of the Magnitude of Covariation


Meta-Analyses


Moderator Variables


A Comment on Aggregated Crime Rates


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 3


From Criminology Theories to a Psychological Perspective of Criminal Conduct x


Criminological Theories


Strain Theory


Subcultural Perspectives


Labeling and Marxist/Conflict Theories


Control Theories


Differential Association Theory


Summary of Criminological Theories


A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Theory of Criminal Conduct


The Learning of Criminal Behavior


A Glimpse at the Evidence Supporting GPCSL and the Central Eight


Summary


Worth Remembering





Part 2: The Major Risk/Need Factors of Criminal Conduct





Chapter 4


The Biological Basis of Criminal Behavior


Heredity and Crime


The Search for a Crime Gene


Intergenerational Crime


What Twin and Adoption Studies Tell Us about Nature and Nurture


Twin Studies


Adoption Studies


The Nature-Nurture Interaction


Neurophysiological Factors and Crime


The Difficult, Impulsive, Sensation-Seeking Temperament


Crime: A Failure or Success of Evolution?


A Failure in Evolution: The Caveman Awakened


Criminal Behavior as an Evolutionary Adaptation


Three Closing Comments


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 5


Antisocial Personality Pattern


Psychology's View of Personality


The Super Trait Perspectives of Personality


Is Personality Just a Matter of Traits?


Criminology's View of Personality


Then . . .


And Now . . .


Antisocial Personality as Pathology


Psychiatry and Antisocial Personality Disorder


Psychopathy


The Assessment of Psychopathy: Hare's Psychopathy Checklist
(PCL-R)


Are There Noncriminal Psychopaths?


The Etiology of Psychopathy


The Treatment of Psychopaths


Can Children Be Psychopaths?


A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Perspective: APP


Poor Self-Control: A Facet of Antisocial Personality


Antisocial Personality Pattern: Risk and Treatment


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 6


The Role of Procriminal Associates and Attitudes
in Criminal Conduct





When Parents Lose Control: The Path to Procriminal Associates


Psychological Perspectives on Delinquent Associates


Delinquent Associates: Training in Criminal Behavior


Gangs


Cognitions Supportive of Crime: Procriminal Attitudes


Development of Procriminal Attitudes


The Attitude-Behavior Link


Classifying Procriminal Attitudes


Assessment of Procriminal Attitudes


Targeting Procriminal Attitudes in Treatment


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 7


The Person in Social Context: Family, Marital, School, Work,
Leisure/Recreation, and Neighborhood





Family of Origin


Learning to Care: The Parent-Child Relationship and the Development
of Social Bonds


Parenting Practices and Delinquency


Family Interventions and the Reduction of Delinquent Behavior


Primary Prevention


Secondary Prevention Family Programs


Summary


Marital Attachments


School


Work


Leisure/Recreation


Neighborhood


Summary


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 8


Substance Abuse





Alcohol Abuse


Definition and Prevalence


Alcohol Abuse and Crime


Treating Alcohol Abuse


Drug Abuse


Prevalence


Treating Drug Abuse


Relapse Prevention


Summary


Dealing with Resistance to Treatment


Motivational Interviewing


Mandated Treatment and Drug Courts


A Final Comment on Substance Abuse


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Part 3: Applications


Chapter 9


The Risk-Need-Responsivity Model of Offender Assessment and Treatment


The Overarching Principles


The Core RNR Principles and Key Clinical Issues


Organizational Principles


Summary





Chapter 10


Prediction of Criminal Behavior and Classification of Offenders





Assessing Predictive Accuracy


PCC and Prediction


Offender Assessment and the Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity


Risk Principle: Match the Level of Service to the Level of Risk


Need Principle: Target criminogenic needs


Responsivity Principle: Use cognitive-behavioral interventions with attention to personal learning styles


Approaches to the Assessment and Prediction of Criminal Behavior


First-Generation Risk Assessment: Professional Judgment


Second-Generation Risk Assessment: Actuarial, Static Risk Scales


Third-Generation Assessment: Risk/Need Scales


The Level of Service Inventory-Revised


Criminogenic Needs and the Dynamic Validity of the LSI-R


Summary of the LSI-R


Fourth-Generation Risk Assessment: The Integration of Case Management
with Risk/Need Assessment


The General Applicability of Theory-Based Offender Assessment


LS Risk Assessment Across Different Populations


Age


Gender


Race/Ethnicity


Summary


LS Risk and Violence Outcomes


Obstacles to Using Empirically Based Risk Assessment for Offender Rehabilitation


The Future of Offender Assessment


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 11


Offender Rehabilitation





The How and Why of "Nothing Works"


The Birth of "What Works"


Further results from the Expanded Meta-Analysis


Independent Meta-Analytic Summaries of the Effects of RNR Programming


GPCSL and Intervention


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 12


Creating and Maintaining RNR Adherence: A Real World Challenge


Fidelity in Offender Risk/Need Assessment


Enhancing the Integrity of Correctional Treatment


Some Major Barriers to RNR Adherence


Assessment of Programs and Agencies


The Components of Effective Correctional Supervision and Treatment


The Dimensions of Effective Correctional Counseling: 1. Relationship


The Dimensions of Effective Correctional Counseling: 2. Structuring


a) The Effective Model


b) Effective Reinforcement


c) Effective Disapproval


d) Cognitive Restructuring x


Training Correctional Staff to Apply the RNR Model


Strategic Training Initiative in Community Supervision (STICS)


Training Issues


The Evaluation of STICS


Results


Staff Training Aimed at Reducing Re-arrest (STARR)


Effective Practices in Community Supervision (EPICS)


Summary


Cost-Benefit Evaluations of Offender Treatment


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 13


The Failed Experiment: Getting Tough on Crime





Criminal Justice Sanctions and Just Deserts


The Effects of Imprisonment on Crime and the Community


1. Incapacitation Effect: Taking the Bad Off the Streets


2. Restoring Faith in the Criminal Justice System


3. Deterrence


Evaluations of Intermediate Sanctions


The Unfulfilled Promise of Fairness


Summary


The Psychology of Punishment


Why Doesn't Punishment Work?


Conditions for Effective Punishment


The Side Effects of Punishment


Summary on Punishment


An Alternative to Retribution: Restorative Justice


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Chapter 14


Criminal Subtypes: Intimate Partner Violence, the Mentally Disordered and Sex Offenders


Intimate Partner Violence


Men Who Batter: How Different are They from Regular Criminals?


Risk Factors from Surveys


Risk Factors from the Study of Conflictual Relationships


Actuarial Risk Scales for Intimate Partner Abuse


Treatment of Male Batterers


The Mentally Disordered Offender (MDO)


Estimating the Prevalence of Mental Disorders


Dangerousness and the Psychiatric Patient


Threat/Control-Override Symptomatology


Dangerous and the MDO


Risk Factors for MDOs


Treatment of the MDO


The Sex Offender


How Unique are Sex Offenders?


Risk Factors for Sexual Offending


The Treatment of Sex Offenders


A Few Closing Comments


Worth Remembering


Recommended Readings





Part 4: Summary and Conclusions





Chapter 15


A General Personality and Cognitive Social Learning Perspective
of Criminal Conduct: Summary and Conclusions





A. Empirical Understanding


Incidence and Prevalence of Criminal Activity


The Correlates of Criminal Activity


The Central Eight


Wide Applicability


The Ability to Influence Crime


B. A Theoretical Understanding and Challenges to GPCSL


Desistance


Good Lives Model (GLM)


C. An Understanding of Practical Value


Prediction Instruments


Effective Prevention and Treatment


Specific Responsivity


The Impact of a Psychology of Criminal Conduct


Conclusion and Final Comments





References


Index to Selected Acronyms


Subject Index


Name Index
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Review quote

The 6th edition is the most concise and well written edition of The Psychology of Criminal Conduct to date. The tone of the book-its enthusiasm and balance in the way issues are presented-is welcome. Besides the topics contained in past editions, the authors' discussion of research issues, social contexts, biology, punishment, and prediction and treatment integrity are excellent contributions to this important text.





- Paul E. Gendreau, Professor Emeritus, the University of New Brunswick, Canada


No other single book has so transformed the field of correctional intervention. For more than 20 years this volume has been essential reading for everyone: from students of criminal psychology to correctional professionals, including prison officers, probation officers, case managers, and experienced psychologists.





--Devon Polaschek, PhD DipClinPsyc, Professor, Criminal Psychology, School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand


Now in its Sixth Edition, The Psychology of Criminal Conduct is the most important book ever written in criminology. A scientific tour de force, it outlines the evidence-based RNR paradigm for understanding why people break the law and how to affect their rehabilitation. This paradigm has been used across and beyond North America to save countless offenders from a life in crime and thus countless citizens from victimization. To be literate in criminology and in correctional treatment, all scholars, students, and practitioners should read this book-and then, as I do, keep it close by and consult it often.


- Francis T. Cullen, Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cincinnati, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, USA





It is a real pleasure to welcome a new and fully updated edition of the leading textbook on psychologically informed approaches to understanding and reducing criminal behaviour. For over twenty years its successive editions have explained the theory and evidence behind the Risk-Need-Responsivity model of offender rehabilitation, which has influenced policy and practice in many countries throughout the world and continues to be the most productive source of evidence-based methods. Its influence and importance can hardly be overstated. This latest edition will be an invaluable resource not only for students of criminology and criminal justice but also for practitioners in probation and prisons, and for the managers and leaders of correctional services who have a responsibility, both to the general public and to offenders themselves, to promote and use the most effective practices. Perhaps even some politicians might take a look at this book - they would certainly benefit.





- Peter Raynor, Research Professor in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Swansea University, Wales, UK


This book should be essential reading for criminologists and psychologists and anyone who is interested in the assessment, prevention, and treatment of offending. Its reviews of key biological, family, school, neighborhood, and other predictors of crime, and the practical application of this knowledge in the Risk-Need-Responsivity model of effective correctional treatment, are very well-researched, extremely informative, and highly readable.


- David P. Farrington, Emeritus Professor of Psychological Criminology, Cambridge University, UK


When I read the first edition of The Psychology of Criminal Conduct in 1994 I thought it was the best book on its topic. The book provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary overview on up-to-date research and theory on the origins, prediction, prevention and treatment of offending behavior. The book shows how to explain, predict and treat sexual, violent, acquisitive and other offending and puts the findings in a convincing theoretical and practice-oriented framework. It is essential reading not only for students in the fields of criminology, psychology and law, forensic psychology and psychiatry, sociology, social work and other crime-related disciplines, but also for researchers, practitioners and policy makers in these areas.


-Friedrich Loesel, Professor and director emeritus of the Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University (UK) and Institute of Psychology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany


Words like `classic' and `seminal' are all too frequently used to describe scholarly work. The fact is that The Psychology of Criminal Conduct by Bonta and Andrews is a seminal work that has become a classic since it was first published 22 years ago. The sixth edition continues the tradition by including an abundance of up-to-date research studies that address current issues. Bonta has not rested on his laurels but has produced a current work that will continue to set the standard in the field of forensic and correctional psychology.


-James R. P. Ogloff, Director, Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science, Swinburne University and Forensicare, Melbourne, Australia
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About D. A. Andrews

James Bonta served as Director of Corrections Research at Public Safety Canada from 1990 until 2015. He received his Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from the University of Ottawa in 1979. Bonta was a psychologist, and later Chief Psychologist, at the Ottawa-Carleton Detention Centre, a maximum-security remand facility for adults and young offenders. Throughout his career, Bonta has held various academic appointments and professional posts and was a member of the Editorial Advisory Boards for the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice and Behavior. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association, a recipient of the Association's Criminal Justice Section's Career Contribution Award for 2009, the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, 2012, the Maud Booth Correctional Services Award, 2015, and the 2015 Community Corrections Award from the International Corrections and Prisons Association.


The late D.A. Andrews was a noted criminologist affiliated with Carleton University throughout his academic career. His work on the psychology of criminal conduct produced what became known as the "theory of correctional intervention," which set the standard for successful intervention practices throughout the field of corrections worldwide. He was a founding member of Carleton's Criminology and Criminal Justice Program and a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association. He received numerous awards for his work in the criminal justice field, including those from the American Probation and Parole Association, Correctional Service Canada, the International Community Corrections Association, and the American Society of Criminology. After his retirement, he remained active in the criminal justice field as a Professor Emeritus and Distinguished Research Professor.
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Rating details

43 ratings
3.97 out of 5 stars
5 35% (15)
4 37% (16)
3 21% (9)
2 5% (2)
1 2% (1)
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