Psychoanalysis in Its Cultural Context

Psychoanalysis in Its Cultural Context

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Suggesting that Freud's version of the history of psychoanalysis has triumphed by default, this book presents what aims to be a more balanced view, taking account of the ideas of his dissenting followers and forgotten adversaries. Articles by a number of contributors are included in this volume addressing subjects such as the late 19th-century debate about racial identity. It shows how biological concepts of race became transformed into psychological categories. For Freud and his fellow analysts, being "Jewish" meant participating in a shared set of intellectual and emotional attitudes. The problem for psychoanalysts, as for ethnopsychologists like Lazarus and Steinthal, was how to separate the psyche from the body. The problem was compounded by turn-of-the century debates which associated Jewishness with femininity - with the female body. Freud never entirely resolved the difficulties arising from this rhetoric of race, which had a distorting effect on his conceptions of gender. Attitudes towards Jewishness and femininity are explored from another angle in a commentary, drawn from a small number of Freud's letters to his fiancee, which reconstructs some of the patterns underlying Freud's choice of wife. Further articles deal with the reactions of Viennese feminists during Freud's lifetime; Otto Rank; the divergent responses of literary authors to psychoanalysis; and further exploration of the cultural context of psychoanalysis. Each volume of "Austrian Studies" is designed to make the results of specialist research more accessible through a range of book reviews, as well as to offer a close focus on one specific field.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 224 pages
  • 165.1 x 241.3 x 31.75mm | 589.67g
  • EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 074860359X
  • 9780748603596

Table of contents

Part 1: the historiography of psychoanalysis, Paul Roazen; Freud, race and gender, Sander L. Gilman; object-choice - fragment of a Freud biography, Klaus Theweleit; the case of Otto Gross - Jung, Stekel and the pathologization of protest, Martin Stanton; from the memoirs of a Freudian, Fritz Wittels; psychoanalysis and feminism - an ambivalent alliance - Viennese feminist responses to Freud, 1900-30, Harriet Anderson; Otto Rank and the "doppelganger", Andrew Webber; Freud, Musil and Gestalt psychology, Hannah Hickman; between Freud and Nietzsche - Canetti's "Crowds and Power", Ritchie Robertson. Part 2 Review articles: current Freud research, Sander L. Gilman; Freud and antiquities, S.R.F. Price; the sciences in exile, J.M. Ritchie; the poet as anthropologist - on the aphorisms of Franz Baermann Steiner, Jeremy Adler. Part 3 Reviews: "Bristol Austrian studies", Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly; "nutrition and economic development in the 18th century Habsburg monarchy", Charles Ingrao; "Franz Grillparzer", Bruce Thompson; "Johann Nestroy 1801-1862 - vision du monde et ecriture dramatique", Mike Rogers; "Galizien - eine literarische Heimat", Ritchie Robertson; "Boehmische Doerfer - wanderungen durch eine verlassene literarische landschaft", Eda Sagarra; "die architektur der donaumonarchie 1867 bis 1918", Iain Boyd Whyte; "the Austro-Hungarian mind", Michael Hurst; "decadence and innovation - Austro-Hungarian life and art at the turn of the century", Alfred Thomas; "modernite viennoise et crises de l'identite", Andrew Webber; "la femme a Vienne au temps de Freud", Harriet Anderson; "Freud, Dora and Vienna 1900", Leo A. Lensing; "women in modern drama - Freud, feminism and European theatre at the turn of the century", Elizabeth Boa; "Schnitzler's Vienna - image of a society", "Arthur Schnitzler and politics", "Arthur Schnitzler and the crisis of musical culture", Peter Skrine; "Hugo von Hofmannsthal - the theatres of consciousness", W.E. Yates; "sexuality and the sense of self in the works of Georg Trakl and Robert Musil", Alan Bance; "Karl Kraus et son temps", "Karl Kraus - asthetik und kritik", "Karl Kraus diener der sprache, meister des ethos", Gilbert J. Carr; "Tagebucher" and "der processe", Mark Anderson; "die "Wiener bibliothek"", "Romanstruktur und Menschenrecht bei Hermann Broch", James Hardin; "judischer kulturpessimismus und das bild des alten osterreich im werk Stefan Zweigs und Joseph Roths", "values and the human zoo - the "novellen" of Stefan Zweig", Harry Zohn; "Odon von Horvath fifty years on - Horvath symposium - London 1988", David Phillips; "the Berg companion", Silvina Milstein; "Wittgenstein "und"", Andrew Barker; "Anna Freud", Naomi Segal; "major figures of modern Austrian literature", David Midgley.show more