Proportionality : Constitutional Rights and their Limitations
Having identified proportionality as the main tool for limiting constitutional rights, Aharon Barak explores its four components (proper purpose, rational connection, necessity and proportionality stricto sensu) and discusses the relationships between proportionality and reasonableness and between courts and legislation. He goes on to analyse the concept of deference and to consider the main arguments against the use of proportionality (incommensurability and irrationality). Alternatives to proportionality are compared and future developments of proportionality are suggested.
- Electronic book text
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 1 b/w illus.
Table of contents
Part I. Constitutional Rights: Scope and Limitations: 1. Constitutional rights: scope and the extent of its protection; 2. Determining the scope of constitutional rights; 3. Conflicting constitutional rights; 4. Limitation of constitutional rights; 5. Limiting constitutional rights by law; Part II. Proportionality: Sources, Nature, Function: 6. The nature and function of proportionality; 7. The historical origins of proportionality; 8. The legal sources of proportionality; Part III. The Components of Proportionality: 9. Proper purpose; 10. Rational connection; 11. Necessity; 12. Proportionality stricto sensu (balancing); 13. Proportionality and reasonableness; 14. Zone of proportionality: legislator and judge; 15. Proportionality and positive constitutional rights; 16. The burden of proof; Part IV. Proportionality Evaluated: 17. Proportionality's importance; 18. The criticism on proportionality and a retort; 19. Alternatives to proportionality; 20. The future of proportionality.
'Proportionality: Constitutional Rights and their Limitations has positioned Barak among the leading proponents of the received approach to human rights law.' Gregoire Webber, Public Law 'Barak's Proportionality is probably the most important and comprehensive book written on the subject to date.' Ariel L. Bendor and Tal Sela, International Journal of Constitutional Law