A Progressive Grammar of the English Tongue; Based on the Results of Modern Philology

A Progressive Grammar of the English Tongue; Based on the Results of Modern Philology

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...which are the signs of complex ideas furnish matter of mistake.--Murray's Grammar. Explanation.--It is not intended in this sei!!ence to say all words 'furnish matter of mistake, ' but only such words as are 'signs of complex ideas.' The clause, ' which are signs of complex ideas, ' restricts or limits the meaning of ' all words, ' and hence the relative that should be used. 2. Words, which are signs of ideas, may he divided into nine Parts of Speech. Explanation.--Compare this with the first sentence. Tou will see that in the second sentence the relative is not restrictive, but explanatory. The sentence means ' all words (and these are signs of ideas) may be divided, ' etc. The sentence is therefore correct. 269. Hence the rule: Introduce restrictive clauses by'that, ' explanatory clauses by 'who' or 'which.' 1. 'A spirit more amiable, hut less vigorous than Luther's, would have shrunk back from the dangers that he braved and surmounted.' Explanation.--The relative 'that' is correctly used to introduce the clause 'he braved and surmounted, ' because it is not dangers in general that are spoken of, but the particular dangers 'that he braved and surmounted.' 2. Age, that lessens the enjoyment of life, increases our desire of living.--Goldsmith. Explanation.--Here that is incorrectly nsed instead of which: the clause 'which lessens the enjoyment of life' is not restrictive, but is explanatory; hence ' age, which lessens, ' etc. Particular Applications of the Rule. 270. The following sentences are particular exemplifications of the general principle stated above: (1.) This is the best book that I know of--clause restrictive of superlative degree. (2.) This is the same book that I bought--restrictive clause following tho adjective same. (3.) All that he has;...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 76 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 154g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123665014X
  • 9781236650146