The Progress of Agriculture. the Agricultural Sect. of Philps 'History of Progress in Great Britain'

The Progress of Agriculture. the Agricultural Sect. of Philps 'History of Progress in Great Britain'

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1858 edition. Excerpt: ...Evidently people engaged therein had been liable to frequent molestations, and to have their cattle, ploughs, and even the seeds which they were sowing, carried off by lawless bands. During the protracted Wars of the Roses, the country again suffered from devastations equal to those of the Conquest. For a period of thirty years, labourers were liable every moment to be called from the plough to the battle-field; the nobility were almost entirely swept away, and such multitudes of labourers were withdrawn from the pursuit of industry, and fell in battle, that there remained not hands sufficient to cultivate the soil. In this extremity laws were made to reduce the price of labour, to compel men to become labourers, and to prevent persons having lands from putting their sons to any other occupation but that of husbandmen. These laws proved abortive, and the scarcity of labour compelled the landholders to enclose their lands. They had discovered that flocks and herds were better adapted to such troublesome times than growing crops. The former might be removed on the irruption of an enemy, or be disposed of secretly, if the proprietor became involved in the misfortunes of his party.f The increasing consumption of wool at that period gave an additional impetus to the conversion of arable lands into pasture--a system which, while it enriched the few, greatly impoverished the many. Enclosures were multiplied; demesne lands were extended, till the farms of husbandmen were appropriated to pasture--their houses were demolished, or permitted to decay; while a few herdsmen supplanted the yeomen, and, in some instances, the shepherd and his dog were the only occupants of large tracts, save the flocks of sheep which they were there to guard. The Civil more

Product details

  • Paperback | 32 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 77g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236654668
  • 9781236654663