Excerpt from The Proceedings of the Medical Society of the County of Kings, 1882
Dr. Paton, of Paisley, Scotland, has noticed that since the introduction of soft water into that town (which formerly depended. Upon calcareous wells), calculous disorders are very rare, while formerly they were very numerous. He has also noticed that in the two cholera epidemics those families using well-water were far more severely afﬂicted than those sup plied with the city water, very pure and soft. One very instructive case he notes: Cholera broke out in a suburb, built high and dry on a lime stone ridge, the air pure and bracing, drainage excellent, but the water mostly derived from wells sunk in the rock. Few persons here escaped cholera, except a family here and there who had no well, but depended upon the city supply.
After the epidemic at Paisley had subsided, it was found that there had been 848 cases of cholera, and it was estimated that the district sup plied by wells contained only about ]lo of all the inhabitants of the town, the other 1% of the people using city water. It was found that this 110 that. Used well-water had no less than 502 cholera cases among them, while the other 130, who used pure water, had only'346 cases - that is, taking ing the average rate of illness amongst the 1-9-0 of the people of Paisley, the 110 should have had only 39 cases instead of 502, which they did have, apparently from using hard water alone.
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