Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Volume 10

Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Volume 10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1857 edition. Excerpt: ... crystallization of the earth's crust as it slowly thickened would have taken a regular structure, and the more surely since we know that the mineral feldspar, which gives a cleavage structure to granite, is the prevailing mineral in all igneous rocks. Thus we approach some explanation of the prevalence of two great systems of trends in the features of the globe. But this subject we pass by, to the one which more immediately concerns us, --the surface features of the continents. The contraction to which I have alluded, going on after a crust was formed over the earth, would necessarily fracture, displace, or wrinkle the crust, as the same cause, contraction, wrinkles a drying apple. The large rind is more than sufficient for the contracted sphere; and the drawing downward of some parts must cause the bulging of others. If any large areas of the crust were sinking more than the rest, this very subsidence would necessarily push up the borders of these areas into angular elevations or folds; and it follows necessarily, --the larger these areas the higher the border elevations. These are the simple principles. The oceanic basins are these areas of greatest subsidence; and hence would necessarily flow the law, already established as a matter of fact--the larger the ocean, the higher the mountains on its borders, the deeper the fractures and displacements there, and the vaster the outflow of internal heat and lavas. The size, therefore, of the oceans, that is, their extent and depth, is relatively a measure of the force exerted on their sides. The wrinkles or elevations on the globe seem large when man measures them by comparison with his own stature. But a section of the land, true to nature, corrects this misapprehension. In a section of the North...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 174 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 322g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123654420X
  • 9781236544209