Proceedings and Addresses Volume 10

Proceedings and Addresses Volume 10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1900 edition. Excerpt: ...free will, were not honorable and industrious members of the body politic, but on the contrary, were largely composed of the criminal classes whom it was deemed desirable to get out of the country, and who were hurried on ship-board by any and every expedient that would accomplish that purpose. The fact that they were called " Servants " by those who shipped them here, and by those who purchased or hired them, instead of " Redemptioners," as in the case of the Germans, has no significance whatever. The process in both cases was precisely alike. The further fact that fewer of these " Servants " came from Ireland than Ger many, and the additional one that they were already citizens of Great Britain and, therefore, not so likely to attract attention, has apparently kept their coming and their conditional servitude out of general sight. This sending of jailbirds and promiscuous malefactors was not a new idea when put into practice in Pennsylvania. Irish indentured servants had the reputation of being incorrigible runaways?" Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette in almost every issue for many years contained advertisements about runaway servants. "Conditional servitude under indentures or covenants, had from the first existed in Virginia. The servant stood to his master in the relation of a debtor, bound to discharge the costs of emigration by the entire employment of his powers for the benefit of his creditor. Oppression early ensued: men who had been transported into Virginia at an expense of eight or ten pounds, were sometimes sold for forty, fifty, or even threescore pounds. The supply of white servants became a regular business; and a class of men, nic-named ' spirits, ' used to delude...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 180 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 331g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236923251
  • 9781236923257