Excerpt from Prize Essay and Lectures: Delivered Before the American Institute of Instruction, at New Haven, Conn., August, 1853; Including the Journal of Proceedings, and a List of the Officers
Science enter. We must limit ourselves to consider only Science in contradistinction from Philosophy.
All the sciences have not advanced with equal pace. When Mathematics had reached comparative maturity, the others were found behind, Mechanics and Astronomy, however, taking the lead. Their fundamental conceptions and laws are now firmly established, while Physiology is yet in its infancy, and even Chemistry consists of scarcely more than slightly connected facts, with few wide generaliza tions. Of the pure sciences, Mathematics is the simplest, Physiology the most complex. Mechanics requires a knowledge of Mathematics, physics of mechanics; Chemistry depends on Physics, and no one unacquainted with Chemistry would pretend to the name of a physiologist. Mathematics, though it may be brilliantly pursued without the others, still is necessary for success in them. Mathematical science is of less importance as learning, - very real and valuable notwithstanding, than as constituting the most powerful instrument the human mind can employ in its research into the laws of natural phenomena.
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