Privatization and Deregulation : Needed Policy Reforms for Agribusiness Development
Agribusiness development has been constrained by distorted economic policies and institutional controls in the emerging market economies and in most of the developing countries. In the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, the agribusiness complex was dominated by state-owned enter- prises. In many of the developing countries, economic policies discriminated against agriculture and agribusiness. The results have been obvious. Despite major technological advances, agriculture and agribusiness sectors in these economies remained inefficient. A large share of the population, particu- larly in the rural areas, has not been able to improve household incomes and living standards. The final decade of the 20th century will certainly be recorded as one of the most dynamic in modem history. The restructuring of the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and market reforms in many of the developing countries are progressing at a rapid pace. Agribusiness is key to economic perfor- mance in these areas in that agriculture is an important sector in many of these economies. Economic transition to a market economy is presenting many challenges and opportunities to accelerate the process of agribusiness development, which is so essential to alleviate rural poverty. An international symposium, organized by the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), provided a unique opportunity to discuss needed policy reforms to promote efficient and competitive agribusiness develop- ment, with a particular focus on privatization and deregulation.
- Paperback | 237 pages
- 202.95 x 254 x 14.48mm | 598.74g
- 27 May 1999
- Dordrecht, Netherlands
- XI, 237 p.
Table of contents
I - Introduction.- 1 - Agenda for Policy Reforms in Agribusiness.- II - Agribusiness In Economic Development.- 2 - Development Thought and Development Assistance: Implications for Agricultural and Agribusiness Development.- 3 - Economic Development Process and Experience.- III - Approaches And Guidelines.- 4 - Privatization of Agribusiness.- 5 - Privatization and Deregulation of Agribusiness.- 6 - Privatization and Deregulation of Support Services.- 7 - Privatization of Agribusiness Input Markets.- 8 - Privatization and Deregulation of the Fertilizer Sector.- IV - Enabling Policy Environment.- 9 - Exchange Rates and the Performance of Agribusiness Markets.- 10 - Role of Patents and Intellectual Property Rights for the Development of Agribusiness Markets.- 11 - Limitations of Loan Targeting and Life After Reform.- 12 - Role of Banking and Finance to Promote Trade and Agribusiness Development.- 13 - Environmental Regulations and the Fertilizer Business.- V - Selected Case Studies.- 14 - Strategies for Agribusiness Development: World Bank Experience.- 15 - Reforming Agriculture and Agribusiness in Russia.- 16 - Liberalization of Agricultural Input Markets in Bangladesh.- 17 - Private-Sector Imports of Fertilizers and Pesticides in Bangladesh.- 18 - Reforming Fertilizer Markets in East Africa.- VI - Lessons for Policy Reform.- 19 - Policy Reform and Agribusiness Development.- Contributors.