Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

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Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations combines biology and physics to show how water moves through the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. This text explores the instrumentation and the methods used to measure the status of water in soil and plants. Principles are clearly presented with the aid of diagrams, anatomical figures, and images of instrumentation. The methods on instrumentation can be used by researchers, consultants, and the military to monitor soil degradation, including measurements of soil compaction, repellency, oxygen diffusion rate, and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity.

Intended for graduate students in plant and soil science programs, this book also serves as a useful reference for agronomists, plant ecologists, and agricultural engineers.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 520 pages
  • 158 x 228 x 28mm | 938.95g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • 0124097510
  • 9780124097513

About Mary B. Kirkham

M. B. Kirkham is a Professor in the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University. Her research involves two areas: soil-plant-water relations and uptake of heavy metals by crops grown on polluted soil (called "phytoremediation"). Dr. Kirkham is currently collaborating with colleagues at the Kansas State University Northwest Research-Extension Center in Colby, Kansas to study yield and water relations of sorghum grown under the semi-arid conditions of far western Kansas. Dr. Kirkham serves on several editorial boards: Soil Science; Journal of Crop Improvement; International Agrophysics; Crop Science; Australian Journal of Soil Research; Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment; Agricultural Water Management; Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research; Agricultural, Food and Analytical Bacteriology; and Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. In addition, Dr. Kirkham has received the CSSA Crop Science Research Award and the 2010-11 Iman Outstanding Faculty Award for Research.
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Table of contents

Definitions of Physical Units and the International System
Structure and Properties of Water
Static Water in Soil
Water Movement in Saturated Soil
Field Capacity, Permanent Wilting, Available Water, and the Non-Limiting Water Range
Penetrometer Measurements
Measurement of Oxygen Diffusion Rate
Pore Volume
Measurement of Soil Water Content using Time Domain Reflectometry
Root Anatomy and Poiseuille's Law
Water Movement to Plant Roots and Gardner's Equation
Measurement of Water Potential with Thermocouple Psychrometers
Measurement of Water Potential with Pressure Chambers
Stem Anatomy and Measurement of Osmotic Potential and Turgor Potential
Cohesion Theory
Electrical Analogues
Leaf Anatomy and Elasticity
Stomatal Anatomy and Stomatal Resistance
Solar Radiation and Black Bodies
Measurement of Canopy Temperature with Infrared Thermometers
Crop-Water-Stress Index
Potential Evapotranspiration
Water and Yield
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Review quote

"Unlike most other textbooks Mary Beth devotes many chapters solely to specific instrumentation...I would highly recommend it for students and professionals alike."
- Jan W. Hopmans, University of California, Davis

" excellent text for a graduate or advanced undergraduate course, as well, and indeed I expect it to become the standard for this purpose."
-T.M. Yanosky, U.S. Geological Survey, in JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, VOL. 34, AUG. 2005

"...perfect foundation for university courses on the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum...a powerful reference tool for plant and soil scientists alike."
- Malcom J. Morrison, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, ECORC, in Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment

"The author's great biological, physical and mathematical skills are very well presented...I greatly value this book and I can highly recommend it."

"It is an excellent reference book for undergraduates, postgraduates and established scientists alike."

"...the book has a great deal to offer anyone interested in soil and plant water relationships."
- John Robers, in WEATHER

"This book will appeal to both students and practising researchers....There is something for everyone in this book." - Brent Clothier, HortResearch, New Zealand

"This is a book that will become one of my standard references, close to hand on my bookshelves." - Michael Unsworth, Oregon State University, author of Principles of Environmental Physics

"Students and researchers...will greatly benefit, for years to come, from this exceptionally well presented and illustrated book." - M. Hossein Behboudian, Massey University, New Zealand

"A very valuable and innovating discourse." - Wilfried Ehlers, Institut fur Pflanzenbau und Pflanzenzuchtung Universitat Goettingen, Germany

"[This book] a compressive review of our current ideology of water movement and storage within plants and soil." -James K. McCarron, Adams State College, Colorado
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