Principles of Research in Behavioral Science
This is an introduction to research methods designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate level courses. The text emphasizes question formulation, data collection, and the interpretation of results. The author assumes the reader has had a previous course in research methods and statistics.
- Hardback | 688 pages
- 190.5 x 238.8 x 30.5mm | 1,723.67g
- 17 May 2001
- McGraw-Hill Education - Europe
- Mayfield Publishing Co ,U.S.
- United States
- 2nd Revised edition
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Table of contents
1. THE SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY: THEORY, RESEARCH, AND APPLICATION Science / Theories / Research / Theory, Research, and Application2. RESEARCH STRATEGIES: AN OVERVIEW Purposes of Research / Quantitative and Qualitative Research / Research Strategies / Time Perspectives: Short-Term versus Long-Term / Research Settings: Laboratory versus Field / Research as a Set of Tradeoffs3. THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS Responsibility for Ethical Research / Ethical Considerations in Planning Research / Ethical Considerations During Data Collection / Ethical Considerations Following Data Collection4. FORMULATING A RESEARCH QUESTION Formulating Research Hypotheses / Replication Research / Designing Research for Utilization / Bias in the Formulation of Research Questions5. DEVELOPING A MEASUREMENT STRATEGY Reliability and Validity / Modalities of Measurement / Evaluating and Selecting Measures 6. THE INTERNAL VALIDITY OF RESEARCH Confounds / Threats to Internal Validity / Reactivity / Demand Characteristics / Experimenter Expectancies7. THE EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH STRATEGY A Note on Statistics / Manipulating the Independent Variable / Controlling Extraneous Variance / Multiple-Group Designs / Factorial Designs8. THE CORRELATIONAL (PASSIVE) RESEARCH STRATEGY The Nature of Correlational Research / Simple and Partial Correlation Analysis / Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) / Some Other Correlational Techniques / Testing Mediational Hypotheses / Factor Analysis9. THE SINGLE-CASE RESEARCH STRATEGY The Role of Single-Case Research in Psychology / Validity Criteria in Single-Case Research / Case Study Research / Single-Case Experiments / Data Analysis in Single-Case Research10. RESEARCH IN NATURAL SETTINGS The Problem of Control in Natural Settings / Field Experiments / Natural Experiments and Quasi-Experiments / Naturalistic Observation / Interviews / Archival Data / Coding Open-Ended Data11. SURVEY RESEARCH Asking Questions / Obtaining Answers / Multi-Item Scales / Response Biases / Questionnaire Design / Questionnaire Administration / Survey Data Archives12. DATA COLLECTION Research Participants / Research Procedures / Using the Internet to Collect Data13. INTERPRETING RESEARCH RESULTS Describing Results / Interpreting the Results / Fitting Results into the Big Picture14. THE EXTERNAL VALIDITY OF RESEARCH The Concept of External Validity / The Structural Component of External Validity / The Functional and Conceptual Components of External Validity / Assessing External Validity / Laboratory Research, Natural-Setting Research, and External Validity15. EVALUATION RESEARCH Goal Definition / Program Monitoring / Impact Assessment / Efficiency Analysis / Information Utilization / Measuring Change16. INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEWING Defining the Research Question / Data Collection / Data Evaluation / Data Analysis / Data Interpretation / A Sample Meta-Analysis17. WRITING RESEARCH REPORTS The Research Report / Journal Articles and Convention Presentations / Ethical Issues in Publication18. THE PROFESSIONAL AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF SCIENTISTS Malpractice in Research / Mistakes and Error in Research / Using the Results of Research / Research and the Common Good