President McKinley, War and Empire
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President McKinley, War and Empire : President McKinley and the Coming of War, 1898

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The "progressive" reading of history focuses on two major antecedents for the origins of the United States' 1898 war with Spain: the 1896 presidential election and the Hearst-Pulitzer press war that, reportedly, generated an irresistible clamor from an "aroused public." Underlying those narratives are two very different theoretical frameworks: a class-dominance view and that of the mass society. Volume 1 of President McKinley, War and Empire assesses the adequacy of those readings.In the 1896 election the Republicans, led by William McKinley, were challenged by William Jennings Bryan, a radical and an inflationist, who had defeated the conservative leaders of the Democratic Party. The Bryanites portrayed the 1896 election as a struggle between "Wall Street" and "the people." McKinley was portrayed as a docile, pliable figure whose campaign was directed by an adept Ohio business magnate, Mark Hanna. The McKinley victory meant that "big business" was now "in control."The Cuban insurgency, begun in 1895, gained attention and support from the American newspapers. This began with a circulation war in New York City, with Hearst and Pulitzer publishing "sensational" reports about the struggle in Cuba. The resulting public clamor, it is said, overwhelmed the members of the legislative and executive branches. McKinley and his advisors fended off those demands as best they could but, following the sinking of the Maine, he conceded and asked Congress to authorize intervention.This work provides an original assessment of those long-standing claims, the basic elements of the progressive history. It reviews McKinley's biography, principally the events leading up to his election victory, including discussion of Hanna's role. It then examines the events leading up to the war. Studies of press content are reviewed and new material is introduced. The work also argues that two other factors were decisive: the efforts of an adept Cuban pressure group and partisan politics. The theoretical implications are explored and an alternative framework, elitism, is argued. The result is a different, a more complex view of the origins of the war.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 274 pages
  • 160 x 236.2 x 25.4mm | 567g
  • Taylor & Francis Inc
  • Transaction Publishers
  • Somerset, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0765803291
  • 9780765803290

Review quote

-Using his well-honed psephological and sociological skills, Hamilton makes a strong argument against many popular explanations of the American decision for war against Spain in 1898 (business interests, capitalist ideology, the yellow press, or mass war fever), proposing instead an elitist-pluralist model of explanation emphasizing partisan politics. His conclusions and methodological prescriptions are important and timely for history and current politics alike.- --Paul W. Schroeder, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign -Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propagated by historians.- --Charles J. Stille, Yale University -President McKinley, War and Empire demonstrates why historical accounts of events must be periodically reexamined and, when necessary, rewritten. School textbooks have long embraced the Beards' account on the causes of the Spanish-American War. Hamilton's careful research not only smashes the Beards' version as a myth without empirical foundation; he explains why they got it wrong. Hamilton's masterly account has a fast-moving pace. Once into it, I could not put it down. I eagerly look forward to the second volume and I recommend it highly for scholars and history buffs.- --William Form, The Ohio State University -Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propogated by historians.- --H.A. Turner -Proponents of the suspect interpretations will have to do a lot of explaining, unless they choose to ignore this intriguing study, a brilliant exhibition of analytical prowess.- --David Trask "Using his well-honed psephological and sociological skills, Hamilton makes a strong argument against many popular explanations of the American decision for war against Spain in 1898 (business interests, capitalist ideology, the yellow press, or mass war fever), proposing instead an elitist-pluralist model of explanation emphasizing partisan politics. His conclusions and methodological prescriptions are important and timely for history and current politics alike." --Paul W. Schroeder, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propagated by historians." --Charles J. Stille, Yale University "President McKinley, War and Empire demonstrates why historical accounts of events must be periodically reexamined and, when necessary, rewritten. School textbooks have long embraced the Beards' account on the causes of the Spanish-American War. Hamilton's careful research not only smashes the Beards' version as a myth without empirical foundation; he explains why they got it wrong. Hamilton's masterly account has a fast-moving pace. Once into it, I could not put it down. I eagerly look forward to the second volume and I recommend it highly for scholars and history buffs." --William Form, The Ohio State University "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propogated by historians." --H.A. Turner "Proponents of the suspect interpretations will have to do a lot of explaining, unless they choose to ignore this intriguing study, a brilliant exhibition of analytical prowess." --David Trask "Using his well-honed psephological and sociological skills, Hamilton makes a strong argument against many popular explanations of the American decision for war against Spain in 1898 (business interests, capitalist ideology, the yellow press, or mass war fever), proposing instead an elitist-pluralist model of explanation emphasizing partisan politics. His conclusions and methodological prescriptions are important and timely for history and current politics alike." --Paul W. Schroeder, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propagated by historians." --Charles J. Stille, Yale University "President McKinley, War and Empire demonstrates why historical accounts of events must be periodically reexamined and, when necessary, rewritten. School textbooks have long embraced the Beards' account on the causes of the Spanish-American War. Hamilton's careful research not only smashes the Beards' version as a myth without empirical foundation; he explains why they got it wrong. Hamilton's masterly account has a fast-moving pace. Once into it, I could not put it down. I eagerly look forward to the second volume and I recommend it highly for scholars and history buffs." --William Form, The Ohio State University "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propogated by historians." --H.A. Turner "Proponents of the suspect interpretations will have to do a lot of explaining, unless they choose to ignore this intriguing study, a brilliant exhibition of analytical prowess." --David Trask "Using his well-honed psephological and sociological skills, Hamilton makes a strong argument against many popular explanations of the American decision for war against Spain in 1898 (business interests, capitalist ideology, the yellow press, or mass war fever), proposing instead an elitist-pluralist model of explanation emphasizing partisan politics. His conclusions and methodological prescriptions are important and timely for history and current politics alike.""--Paul W. Schroeder, professor of history emeritus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign" "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propagated by historians.""--Charles J. Stille Professor of History Emeritus, Yale University" ""President McKinley, War and Empire" demonstrates why historical accounts of events must be periodically reexamined and, when necessary, rewritten. School textbooks have long embraced the Beards' account on the causes of the Spanish-American War. Hamilton's careful research not only smashes the Beards' version as a myth without empirical foundation; he explains why they got it wrong. Hamilton's masterly account has a fast-moving pace. Once into it, I could not put it down. I eagerly look forward to the second volume and I recommend it highly for scholars and history buffs.""--William Form, professor emeritus, The Ohio State University" "Using his well-honed psephological and sociological skills, Hamilton makes a strong argument against many popular explanations of the American decision for war against Spain in 1898 (business interests, capitalist ideology, the yellow press, or mass war fever), proposing instead an elitist-pluralist model of explanation emphasizing partisan politics. His conclusions and methodological prescriptions are important and timely for history and current politics alike.""--Paul W. Schroeder, professor of history emeritus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign" "Richard Hamilton's searching examination cast much new light on the origins of the Spanish-American War and deftly demolishes a number of myths about its causes propagated by historians.""--Charles J. Stille Professor of History Emeritus, Yale University" ""President McKinley, War and Empire" demonstrates why historical accounts of events must be periodically reexamined and, when necessary, rewritten. School textbooks have long embraced the Beards' account on the causes of the Spanish-American War. Hamilton's careful research not only smashes the Beards' version as a myth without empirical foundation; he explains why they got it wrong. Hamilton's masterly account has a fast-moving pace. Once into it, I could not put it down. I eagerly look forward to the second volume and I recommend it highly for scholars and history buffs.""--William Form, professor emeritus, The Ohio State University"
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About Richard F. Hamilton

Richard F. Hamilton is emeritus professor of sociology and political science at The Ohio State University. He has written ten books and seventy articles, mostly dealing with elite- and mass-politics and their interconnections.
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