Prentice Hall Laboratory Manual for Introductory Chemistry
For undergraduate Introduction to Chemistry laboratory courses.Evolved from the author's laboratory manuals used by over 140,000 students, this comprehensive collection of laboratory experiments offers an exciting, hands-on introduction to the fascinating world of chemistry. With an eye on safety, the experiments are designed to provide three hours of lab work, and each follows a successful format with highly effective prelaboratory and postlaboratory assignments.
- Paperback | 336 pages
- 213.36 x 274.32 x 17.78mm | 521.63g
- 24 Jul 2002
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
- 3rd edition
Table of contents
Safety Precautions. Locker Inventory. EXPERIMENTS. 1. Introduction to Chemistry. Topic: The Scientific Method. A. Instructor Demonstrations. B. Student Experiments.2. Instrumental Measurements. Topic: The Metric System. A. Mass Measurement. B. Length Measurement. C. Volume Measurement. D. Temperature Measurement. E. Time Measurement. F. Mass and Volume of an Unknown Solid. G. Metric Estimations.3. Density of Liquids and Solids. Topic: Density. A. Instructor Demonstration. B. Density of Water. C. Density of an Unknown Liquid. D. Density of a Rubber Stopper. E. Density of an Unknown Solid. F. Thickness of Aluminum Foil.4. Freezing Points and Melting Points. Topic: Change of Physical State. A. Cooling Curve and Freezing Point. B. Melting Point of an Unknown.5. Physical Properties and Chemical Properties. Topic: Physical and Chemical Properties. A. Physical Properties. B. Chemical Properties.6. "Atomic Fingerprints." Topic: Emission Spectra and Electron Energy Levels. A. Continuous Spectrum vs. Line Spectrum. B. Identifying the Element in a Fluorescent Light. C. Hydrogen Emission Spectrum.7. Families of Elements. Topic: The Periodic Table. A. Analysis of Known Solutions. B. Analysis of an Unknown Solution.8. Identifying Cations in Solution. Topic: Qualitative Cation Analysis. A. Analysis of a Known Cation Solution. B. Analysis of an Unknown Anion Solution.9. Identifying Anions in Solution. Topic: Qualitative Anion Analysis. A. Analysis of a Known Anion Solution. B. Analysis of an Unknown Anion Solution.10. Analysis of a Penny. Topic: Writing Chemical Equations. A. Combination Reactions-Instructor Demonstrations. B. Decomposition Reactions. C. Single-Replacement Reactions. D. Double-Replacement Reactions. E. Neutralization Reactions. F. Percentages of Copper and Zinc in a Penny.11. Determination of Avogadro's Number. Topic: Avogadro's Number and the Mole Concept. A. Calibrating a Dropper Pipette. B. Determining Avogadro's Number.12. Empirical Formulas of Compounds. Topic: Empirical Formula. A. Empirical Formula of Magnesium Oxide. B. Empirical Formula of Copper Sulfide.13. Analysis of Alum. Topic: Percent Composition and Empirical Formula. A. Percentage of Water in Alum Hydrate. B. Percentage of Water in an Unknown Hydrate. C. Water of Crystallization in an Unknown Hydrate.14. Decomposing Baking Soda. Topic: Mass-Mass Stoichiometry and Percent Yield. A. Percent Yield of Sodium Carbonate. B. Percentage of Baking Soda in an Unknown Mixture.15. Precipitating Calcium Phosphate. Topic: Mass-Mass Stoichiometry and Percent Yield. A. Percent Yield of Calcium Phosphate. B. Percentage of Calcium Chloride in an Unknown Mixture.16. Generating Hydrogen Gas. Topic: Mass-Volume Stoichiometry and Combined Gas Law. A. Molar Volume of Hydrogen Gas. B. Atomic Mass of an Unknown Metal.17. Generating Oxygen Gas. Topic: Mass-Volume Stoichiometry and Combined Gas Law. A. Percentage of Potassium Chlorate in a Known Mixture. B. Percentage of Potassium Chlorate in an Unknown Mixture.18. Molecular Models and Chemical Bonds. Topic: Chemical Bonding and Electron Dot Formulas. A. Molecular Models with Single Bonds. B. Molecular Models with Double Bonds. C. Molecular Models with Triple Bonds. D. Molecular Models with Two Double Bonds. E. Unknown Molecular Models.19. Analysis of Salt Water. Topic: Solubility and Solution Concentration. A. Solutes and Solvents. B. Rate of Dissolving. C. Demonstration of Supersaturation. D. Concentration of Sodium Chloride in Salt Water.20. Analysis of Vinegar. Topic: Acid-Base Titrations. A. Preparation of Standard Sodium Hydroxide Solution. B. Concentration of Acetic Acid in Vinegar.21. Electrical Conductivity of Aqueous Solutions. Topic: Net Ionic Equations. A. Conductivity Testing-Evidence for Ions in Aqueous Solution. B. Conductivity Testing-Evidence for a Chemical Reaction. C. Net Ionic Equations-A Study Assignment.22. Activity Series of Metals. Topic: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. A. Oxidation Numbers of Manganese. B. Oxidation Numbers of Chromium. C. Oxidation Numbers of Sulfur. D. Oxidation Numbers of Nitrogen. E. Oxidation-Reduction Equations. F. Activity Series and an Unknown Metal.23. Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Rays. Topic: Writing Nuclear Equations. A. Natural Radioactivity. B. Uranium-235 Decay Series. C. Artificial Radioactivity.24. Organic Models and Functional Groups. Topic: Classes of Organic Compounds. A. Molecular Models of Hydrocarbons. B. Molecular Models of Hydrocarbon Derivatives. C. Unknown Molecular Models.25. Separation of Food Colors and Amino Acids. Topic: Separation of Biochemical Compounds. A. Separation of Food Colors by Paper Chromatography. B. Identification of Amino Acids by Paper Chromatography.APPENDICES. A. Laboratory Burner. B. Platform Balance. C. Beam Balance. D. Electronic Balance. E. Volumetric Pipette. F. Common Cations and Anions. G. Activity Series. H. Solubility Rules for Ionic Compounds. I. Glossary. J. Answers to Prelaboratory Assignments.