Predicative Forms in Natural Language and in Lexical Knowledge Bases

Predicative Forms in Natural Language and in Lexical Knowledge Bases

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This volume is a selection of papers presented at a workshop entitled Predicative Forms in Natural Language and in Lexical Knowledge Bases organized in Toulouse in August 1996. A predicate is a named relation that exists among one or more arguments. In natural language, predicates are realized as verbs, prepositions, nouns and adjectives, to cite the most frequent ones. Research on the identification, organization, and semantic representa- tion of predicates in artificial intelligence and in language processing is a very active research field. The emergence of new paradigms in theoretical language processing, the definition of new problems and the important evol- ution of applications have, in fact, stimulated much interest and debate on the role and nature of predicates in naturallangage. From a broad theoret- ical perspective, the notion of predicate is central to research on the syntax- semantics interface, the generative lexicon, the definition of ontology-based semantic representations, and the formation of verb semantic classes. From a computational perspective, the notion of predicate plays a cent- ral role in a number of applications including the design of lexical knowledge bases, the development of automatic indexing systems for the extraction of structured semantic representations, and the creation of interlingual forms in machine translation.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 379 pages
  • 162.6 x 238.8 x 25.4mm | 771.12g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1999 ed.
  • VIII, 379 p.
  • 0792354990
  • 9780792354994

Table of contents

Foreword. An introduction to the Lexical Semantics of Predicative Forms; P. Saint-Dizier. A Comparison of Different Lexical Semantics Approaches for Transfer Verbs with a Particular Emphasis on Buy/Sell; F. Busa, et al. The Organization of Verbs and Verb Concepts in a Semantic Net; C. Fellbaum. Describing Verb Semantics in a Type Hierarchy: Disambiguation of Italian Verbs; A. Stein. Alternations and Verb Semantic Classes for French: Analysis and Class Formation; P. Saint-Dizier. Semantics in Action; E. Viegas, et al. Corpus-Based Argument Identification Using a Statistically Enriched Valency MRD; D. Kokkinakis. Capturing Motion Verb Generalizations in Synchronous Tree-Adjoining Grammar; M. Palmer, et al. Some Syntactic Consequences of Argument Structure Dimensions; C. Jones. Pragmatic Connectives as Predicates. The Case of Inferential Connectives; J. Jayez, C. Rossari. Interlingual Representations of Complex Predicates in a Multilingual Approach: The Problem of Lexical Selection; M.A. Zarco. The Semantics of Event-Based Nominals; F. Busa. Index.
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Review quote

` does, nonetheless, present a useful and eclectic review of European and US work in computational lexical semantics and is particularly informative for those working at the lexical semanticssyntax interface.'
Linguistics, Volume 37 (2001)
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