The Power of Ideology

The Power of Ideology : The Quest for Technological Autonomy in Argentina and Brazil

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Description

In this prodigiously researched book, Emanuel Adler addresses the hotly contested issue of how developing nations can emerge from the economic and technological tutelage of the developed world. Is the dependence of Third World countries on multinational corporations-especially in the realm of high technology-a permanent fixture of an inherently unequal relationship? Or can it be managed by the developing nations for their benefit? By a masterful comparative study of the development of science and technology in Argentina and Brazil, the author discusses governmental policies that are effective in attaining autonomous technological development. Professor Adler provides a useful corrective to the structural theories of development that have up to now prevailed in the study of international relations by demonstrating that intellectual and technological elites play a far more significant role in the success or failure of such governmental policies than has hitherto been recognized.

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1988.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 428 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 25mm | 635g
  • Berkerley, United States
  • English
  • Reissue
  • 0520301161
  • 9780520301160
  • 2,786,250

Table of contents

List of Tables
List of Figures
Acronyms
Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

The Problem
The Case Studies
Ideology and Change: Are Ideologies Real?
The Idea and Ideology of Progress
Catalytic Interdependence
Political Science and Historical Processes: Toward
Integration

2 Domestic and International Choices

Science, Technology, and Modernization
Science and Technology for Development: Domestic Choices
Interdependence and Self-Reliance: International Choices

3 Three Strategies for Managing Science and Technology

Goals, Means, Information, and the State
Strategies and Ideologies
Technological Laissez-Faire
Structural and Pragmatic Antidependency

4 The Policy-Making Process and the "Subversive Elites"

Science and Technology Policy Making
The "Weathermakers": Intellectuals and Political Action
Egalitarian-Nationalist Weathermakers in Latin America
The Pragmatic Antidependency Guerrillas

5 Argentina's Science and Technology Policy, 1966-1982

Two Ways to Travel
Argentina's Science and Technology Policy
Goals
Means
Management of Knowledge and Information
Role of the State

6 Ideology and Policy Making: Fracasomania

Technological Laissez-Faire
The Quest for Technological Self-Determination
From Pragmatic Antidependency to Chaos
Erasing the Peronists' Legacy
Summary and Conclusions

7 Science and Technology in Brazil, 1962-1982

Brazil's Pragmatic Antidependency Science and
Technology Strategy
Goals
Means
Management of Knowledge and Information
Role of the State

8 An Image of the Future Takes Hold

Ideological Background: Ideas, Sources, and Carriers
The Evolution of an Idea
Policy Continuity: Seizing Opportunities and Overcoming
Obstacles

9 Argentina's Aborted Venture into Computers in the Mid-1970s

Electronics and the Computer Market
FATE Electronics and the National Computer That
Never Was

10 Brazil's Domestic

Computer Industry
The Data-Processing Market, 1970-1982
Development of the Brazilian Computer Industry
The Pragmatic Antidependency Guerrillas at Work
The Multinational Corporations in an Ideologically
Charged Context
Conclusions

11 The Quest for Nuclear Autonomy in Argentina and Brazil

Argentina: Success
Brazil: Less Than Success

Conclusion

Notes
List of Interviews
Index
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About Emanuel Adler

Emanuel Adler is the Andrea and Charles Bronfman Chair of Israeli Studies and Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto.
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