The Power of Critical Thinking

The Power of Critical Thinking : Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims

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The Power of Critical Thinking: Effective Reasoning About Ordinary and Extraordinary Claims, Third Edition, presents the broadest range of tools for today's critical thinking students to apply in any arena, from everyday life to academia, and from science to the media. It explores the essentials of critical reasoning, argumentation, logic, and argumentative essay writing while also incorporating important topics that most other texts leave out, such as "inference to the best explanation," scientific reasoning, evidence and authority, visual reasoning, and obstacles to critical thinking. The Power of Critical Thinking, Third Edition, integrates many pedagogical features, including hundreds of diverse exercises, examples, and illustrations; text boxes that apply critical thinking to student experience; step-by-step guidelines for evaluating claims, arguments, and explanations; a glossary of important terms; many reminders, summaries, and review notes; and five progressive, stand-alone writing modules interspersed throughout the text. Written in a student-friendly style and enhanced by humor, this text is ideal for courses in critical thinking, introduction to logic, informal logic, argumentative writing, and introduction to argumentation. New to the Third Edition: * Six new "Essays for Evaluation" (three pairs arranged in a pro/con format, each pair debating a single issue) * An expanded Chapter 11 on moral reasoning * New, more instructive photos that encourage critical thinking about visual elements * More guidance on doing research and judging sources * A revised text box program that includes "Newsmakers" and "From the Web" in addition to "For Further Thought" * Updated pop culture and political references and examples--many ripped from the headlines or drawn from everyday life The Power of Critical Thinking, Third Edition, is supplemented by an Instructor's Manual with Computerized Test Bank (available both in print and on a CD) and a Companion Website at www.oup.com/us/criticalthinking that includes instructor resources and a student study guide.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 608 pages
  • 200.66 x 254 x 22.86mm | 1,065.94g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 3rd Revised edition
  • 0195377923
  • 9780195377927
  • 1,344,571

About MR Lewis Vaughn

Lewis Vaughn is the author or coauthor of several books, including: Bioethics: Principles, Issues, and Cases (OUP, 2008); How to Think About Weird Things: Critical Thinking for a New Age, Fifth Edition (2007); Doing Ethics: Moral Reasoning and Contemporary Issues (2007); Doing Philosophy: An Introduction Through Thought Experiments, Third Edition (2006); and Writing Philosophy: A Student's Guide to Writing Philosophy Essays (OUP, 2005).show more

Review quote

"All in all, this is the best book on the market. . . . Chapter 9, 'Inference to the Best Explanation, ' is unique to Vaughn's book and rather brilliant. It is both philosophically interesting and teaches students an important skill."--John Gibson, University of Louisville"The Power of Critical Thinking is unique in that it offers a comprehensive introduction to the basic principles of critical thinking in an engaging and approachable manner. It is the best book that I have seen for teaching critical thinking and practical logic skills."--Daniel Engster, TheUniversity of Texas at San Antonio"Two unique features are the stand-alone writing modules and the diverse collections of exercises. . . . including field problems, writing exercises, and quizzes."--Stephen Ma, California State University, Los Angelesshow more

Table of contents

*=NEW TO THIS EDITION; Preface; 1. BASICS; 1. THE POWER OF CRITICAL THINKING; Why It Matters; How It Works; Summary; Exercises; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING: MODULE 1; Writing Assignments; * 2. OBSTACLES TO CRITICAL THINKING; * Psychological Obstacles; * Philosophical Obstacles; Summary; Exercises; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING: MODULE 2; Writing Assignments; 3. MAKING SENSE OF ARGUMENTS; Argument Basics; Judging Arguments; Finding Missing Parts; Argument Patterns; Diagramming Arguments; Assessing Long Arguments; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING: MODULE 3; Writing Assignments; 2. REASONS; 4. REASONS FOR BELIEF AND DOUBT; When Claims Conflict; Experts and Evidence; Personal Experience; Fooling Ourselves; Claims in the News; Advertising and Persuasion; Summary; Exercises; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING: MODULE 4; Writing Assignments; 5. FAULTY REASONING; Irrelevant Premises; Unacceptable Premises; Summary; Exercises; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; CRITICAL THINKING AND WRITING: MODULE 5; Writing Assignments; 3. ARGUMENTS; 6. DEDUCTIVE REASONING: PROPOSITIONAL LOGIC; Connectives and Truth Values; Checking for Validity; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; 7. DEDUCTIVE REASONING: CATEGORICAL LOGIC; Statements and Classes; Translations and Standard Form; Diagramming Categorical Statements; Sizing Up Categorical Syllogisms; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; 8. INDUCTIVE REASONING; Enumerative Induction; Analogical Induction; Causal Arguments; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; 4. EXPLANATIONS; 9. INFERENCE TO THE BEST EXPLANATION; Explanations and Inference; Theories and Consistency; Theories and Criteria; Telling Good Theories from Bad; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; 10. JUDGING SCIENTIFIC THEORIES; Science and Not Science; The Scientific Method; Testing Scientific Theories; Judging Scientific Theories; Science and Weird Theories; Making Weird Mistakes; Judging Weird Theories; Summary; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; 11. JUDGING MORAL ARGUMENTS AND THEORIES; Moral Arguments; * Moral Premises; Moral Theories; A Coherent Worldview; Summary; Exercises; Field Problems; Self-Assessment Quiz; Integrative Exercises; Writing Assignments; APPENDIX A: ESSAYS FOR EVALUATION; 1. "Death Penalty Discriminates Against Black Crime Victims"; 2. "Marine Parks"; 3. "The Wrong Ruling on Vouchers"; 4. "The Kalam Cosmological Argument"; 5. "More Innocents Die When We Don't Have Capital Punishment"; 6. "Misleading the Patient for Fun and Profit"; 7. "Tight Limits on Stem Cells Betray Research Potential"; 8. "The Cohabitation Epidemic"; 9. "The Demon-Haunted Sentence: A Skeptical Analysis of Reverse Speech"; 10. "Amityville: The Horror of It All"; 11. "A Deviance from God's Norm"; 12. "Marriage Still Evolving, as Ever"; 13. "Slouching Toward Chimeras"; 14. "The Right to Ridicule"; 15. "Time to Think"; * 16. "Torture: Time for Congress to End the Debate"; * 17. "Torture: Severe Interrogations Work"; * 18. "Freedom of Expression: Protect Student Speech-Even 'Unwise' Bong Banner"; * 19. "Freedom of Expression: Policy Reflects Common Sense"; * 20. "Flag Amendment: Congress Nears Choice: Protect Freedom or Stoke Anger?"; * 21. "Flag Amendment: Flag Needs Protection"; APPENDIX B: ANSWERS TO EXERCISES; Notes; Glossary; Credits; Indexshow more

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73 ratings
3.76 out of 5 stars
5 25% (18)
4 38% (28)
3 29% (21)
2 5% (4)
1 3% (2)
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