Post-military Society : Militarism, Demilitarization and War at the End of the Twentieth Century
The Gulf War appears to have dashed the hopes of many for a more peaceful international order. In this book however, Martin Shaw argues that, despite the war, militarism is in decisive retreat. Demilitarization, which has already gone a long way in Western societies, is now sweeping the Soviet Union and Eastern Union and Eastern Europe and may well progress further. Because of this, the social institutions of the Cold War, especially conscription in continental Europe, are being brought into question, and there is a real prospect of "post-military citizenship" in the industrial societies of the 21st century. The book includes a full discussion of the main sociological perspectives on militarism and "armament culture", together with detailed information on the "world military order". There are examinations of recent development in Europe and of Third World wars and militarism. It concludes with a discussion of the implications of the Gulf War.
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- Hardback | 220 pages
- 152 x 229mm | 506g
- 19 Dec 1991
- Polity Press
- Oxford, United Kingdom
Table of contents
Part 1 Militarism and militarization: historical perspectives; disciplinary approaches; definitions; war and industrial society; total war and classical militarism; theory and the end of the Cold War. Part 2 Contexts of military power: the state system; international relations and world economy; the "world military order"; politics of military power; military power as a means of war. part 3 Post-military society; variants of the "militarism" thesis; sociological alternatives; conscription in Europe; limits of Third World militarism. Part 4 Militarism in post-military society: comparative issues in Western post-militarism; militarism and national myths; nostalgia, militarism and media wars; the military in post-military society; militarism in in post-military Europe. Part 5 Post-military citizenship: demilitarization in Europe; conscription and citizenship; the nation-state and post-military society; a new world order; the two faces of post-military society.