Politics in Europe

Politics in Europe

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Politics in Europe, Seventh Edition introduces students to the power of the European Union as well as seven political systems-the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Russia, Poland-within a common analytical framework that enables students to conduct both single-case and cross-national analysis. Each case addresses the most relevant questions of comparative political analysis: who governs, on behalf of what values, with the collaboration of what groups, in the face of what kind of opposition, and with what socioeconomic and political consequences? Packed with captivating photos and robust country descriptions from regional specialists, the Seventh Edition enables students to think critically about these questions and make meaningful cross-national comparisons.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 808 pages
  • 187 x 231 x 27.94mm | 1,200g
  • CQ Press
  • Washington, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 7th Revised edition
  • 1506399096
  • 9781506399096
  • 2,746,212

Table of contents

About the Authors
Part I: United Kingdom, Christopher J. Carman
1.1 The Context of British Politics
British Diversity
A United Kingdom of Four Countries
Stability and Change
Traditional and Modern: The Political Culture of the United Kingdom
Class Politics, but . . .
Conservatively Liberal Policy Ideas
Isolated but European
1.2 Where Is the Power?
British Parliamentary Government
The Monarch
The Prime Minister
The Cabinet and Government
The Civil Service
The Judiciary
The Rest of Government
1.3 Who Has the Power?
Political Parties
The Party and Electoral Systems
The Two Major Parties
The Labour Party
The Conservative Party
Voting and Elections
Voter Turnout
Partisan Choice by Voters
Pressure Groups and Corporatism
Major Interest Groups
Patterns of Influence
1.4 How Is Power Used?
The Parliamentary Process and New Policies
Agenda Setting and Policy Formulation
Policy Continuation: Budgeting
Policymaking in Great Britain
1.5 What Is the Future of British Politics?
The Economy
The Public Sector
Who Rules Great Britain?
Who Rules in Government?
Continued Devolution, Breakup, or What?
Part 2: France
2.1 The Context of French Politics
Religion and Social Class
Revolutions, Regime Changes, and Legitimacy Crises
Aspects of French Political Culture
2.2 Where Is the Power?
The President and the Government
The Parliament
The Administrative State
2.3 Who Has the Power?
Political Parties: Traditional "Political Families"
Elections in the Fifth Republic
The Future of Political Parties: Rivalries, Divisions, and Uncertainties
Interest Groups
2.4 How Is Power Used?
Deputies, Senators, and Decisions
Bureaucratic Politics
Delegating Responsibility for Decisions
Conflicts Within the System
2.5 What Is the Future of French Politics?
Stability, Modernization, and Democracy
Administration and Justice: Developments and Reforms
Problems and Prospects for France
The Economic Challenge: Welfare Statism and "Neoliberalism"
Foreign Policy: Europe and Beyond
Societal and Systemic Issues
Part 3: Germany
3.1 The Context of German Politics
Historical Context
Geographic and Demographic Context
Socioeconomic Structure
Political Attitudes
3.2 Where Is the Power?
Policymaking Institutions
3.3 Who Has the Power?
Political Parties
Interest Groups
The German Voter, 1949-2017
Unified Germany at the Polls, 1990-2017
Voting Behavior
3.4 How Is Power Used?
Semipublic Institutions
The Social Security and Health Systems
Federal Labor Agency
How Power Was Used in the Kohl Era, 1982-1998
How Power Was Used in the Unification Process
The Use of Power by Schroeder's Red-Green Coalition, 1998-2002
How Power Was Used: The Grand Coalition, 2005-2009
Merkel's Second Government: The CDU-FDP Coalition, 2009-2013
How Power Was Used: Merkel's Third Term, 2013-2017
The Process of Policy Implementation
3.5 What Is the Future of German Politics?
Germany and the Euro Crisis
The Problem of Putin's Russia
Immigration and Asylum
Xenophobia and Right-Wing Violence
Germany's International Role
Institutional Gridlock and the Federal System
Putting Germany Back Together Again: The Continued Challenge of Rebuilding and Integrating the East
The Economic Reconstruction of the East
Part 4: Italy
4.1 The Context of Italian Politics
Historical Context
Socioeconomic Context
Political Culture
4.2 Where Is the Power?
The President: Guarantor of the Constitution and Ceremonial Chief of State
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet
The Parliament
The Bureaucracy
The Judiciary
Subnational Governments
4.3 Who Has the Power?
Political Parties
The Voters: The Electoral System and Voting Behavior
Interest Groups
4.4 How Is Power Used?
The Multilevel Governance System in Italy
Policy Formulation
Policy Implementation and the Principle of Subsidiarity
Policy Outputs
Italy's Economic Policy, 2000-2016
4.5 What Is the Future of Italian Politics?
Elements of Strength and Seeds of Crisis in the Italian Political System
The Italian Economy: Competitiveness in an Enlarged European Market
Italy and the European Union
The Question of Institutional Reform
An Uncertain Future
Part 5: Sweden
5.1 The Context of Swedish Politics
Sweden's Welfare State
Long-term Social Democratic Dominance
Neutrality and Internationalism
Globalization and European Integration
Contrasting Views of Swedish Achievements
Geography, Resources, and Population
Early Political Development
Democratization and Industrialization
Political Culture: Constants and Change
5.2 Where Is the Power?
The Riksdag
The Prime Minister and the Cabinet
The Monarch
Other Institutional Actors
A Consensual Democracy
5.3 Who Has the Power?
Political Parties
Profiles of the Political Parties
Sweden's Newer Parties
Administrative Elites
Elections to the European Parliament
Governments and Oppositions
5.4 How Is Power Used?
Policy Process
Policy Outcomes
Dealignment and Erosion of the Traditional Swedish Model: A Chronology
Sweden and the European Union
Return of the Nonsocialists to Power
The 2010 and 2014 Elections: Swedish Politics Under Duress
2014 Political Crisis
Restricting Immigration
5.5 What Is the Future of Swedish Politics?
Toward a Cash-Free Society
An End to Neutrality?
A "New Nordic Model"
Part: Russia
6.1 The Context of Russian Politics
A Continent More Than a Country
A Slavic People
The Impact of Communist Rule
Political Development and Democratization
Gorbachev and Perestroika
6.2 Where Is the Power?
The Russian Presidency
Presidential Power in Postcommunist Russia
Electing the Russian President
The Premier and Government
The Duma and the Legislative Process
6.3 Who Has the Power?
Toward Competitive Politics
The Political Parties
Parties and Politics in Postcommunist Russia
6.4 How Is Power Used?
Privatizing the Economy
Foreign and Security Policy
The Commonwealth of Independent States and the East
6.5 What Is the Future of Russian Politics?
An Incomplete Democracy
Human Rights
Part 7: Poland
7.1 The Context of Polish Politics
Geographic and Historical Context
Present-Day Cleavages
Political Culture
7.2 Where Is the Power?
Politics by Trial and Error: Changing Rules With Uncertain Implications
The Institutions of Power
7.3 Who Has the Power?
Parties and the Party System
Other Political Forces at Work
7.4 How Is Power Used?
Three Criteria: Electoral Accountability, Policy Responsiveness, and Policy Effectiveness
Explaining How Power Has Been Used
7.5 What Is the Future of Polish Politics?
Part: European Union
8.1 The Context of European Union Politics
Basic Characteristics of the European Union
Origins of the European Union
From the ECSC to the EEC
British Responses and EFTA
Further Expansion of Membership
Deepening of European Integration
National Wealth
Levels of Economic Development
International Trade
The European Union as a Security Community
The European Union as a Security Community
8.2 Where Is the Power?
Objectives and Levels of EU Competence
EU Institutions
The European Council and the Council of Ministers
The European Council
Qualified Majority Voting
The European Commission
The European Parliament
The Court of Justice of the European Union
The European Central Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Other Institutions
8.3 Who Has the Power?
National Governments as Actors
The Councils as Actors
The European Commission and "Bureaucratic Politics"
European Parliament as Legislator and Watchdog
Private Interests
Citizen Inputs
Influential Individuals
8.4 How Is Power Used?
The Budgetary Process: Precursor to Economic Power
Recipients of EU Funds
Allocation of EU Resources: An Overview
Economic Power and Objectives
EU Cohesion
Regulatory Power and the Single Market
Schengen Agreement
Rules on Competition and State Aids
Social Policy and the Environment
The Euro Area: Achievements and Crisis
Political Power: The European Union as a Global Player
Relations With North America
The Russian Bear and Economic Sanctions
Conflict Over the Ukraine
East European Partnerships
Relations With China
European Neighborhood Policies-Iraq, Iran, and Israel
Common Foreign and Security Policy
Citizenship, Freedom, Security, and Justice
Antiterrorism Policy
Immigration Crisis
Conflict With Turkey
EU Policy Assessment
8.5 What Is the Future of EU Politics?
Managing Economic Harmonization
Pending Enlargement of the European Union
The Russian Dilemma
Challenges to an "Ever-Closer Union"
The EU's Own Vision of Its Future
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Review quote

"I appreciate the number of countries that are covered in the text as it gives students a good sense of the variety of types of political systems within Western Europe." -- Debra Holzhauer "It is a well-written text, with rich historical detail and a good division of history-structure-politics-society in each chapter." -- Johan Eliasson
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About M. Donald Hancock

M. Donald Hancock is professor emeritus of political science at Vanderbilt University. He has previously taught at Columbia University, the University of Texas (UT) at Austin, and the universities of Bielefeld and Mannheim in Germany. Hancock is the founding director of two centers for European Studies-the first at UT Austin and the second, founded in 1981, at Vanderbilt. The latter is now designated the Max Kade Center for European and German Studies (which Hancock has also served as associate director for outreach activities). He is the coauthor (with Henry Krisch) of Politics in Germany (2009), and co-editor and coauthor of Transitions to Capitalism and Democracy in Russia and Central Europe (2000), German Unification: Process and Outcomes (1994), and Managing Modern Capitalism: Industrial Renewal and Workplace Democracy in the United States and Western Europe (1991). Hancock has served as co-chair of the Council for European Studies and as president of the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Studies and the Conference Group on German Politics. He is currently working on a collaborative study of economic, societal, and military security in the Baltic region.

Christopher J. Carman is the John Anderson Senior Research Lecturer in politics at the University of Strathclyde. He previously taught at Glasgow, Pittsburgh, and Rice Universities. His research specializes in the behavioral and institutional aspects of political representation. He is a co-author of Elections and Voters in Britain (2011), with David Denver and Robert Johns, and Of Conscience and Constituents: Religiosity and the Political Psychology of Representation in America (2011) with David Barker. He has also published a variety of articles on British, Scottish and American politics as well as conducted evaluations of the Scotland's Public Petitions System for the Scottish Parliament.

Marjorie Castle is associate professor (lecturer) in political science at the University of Utah. She is the author of two books on Polish politics: Triggering Communism's Collapse: Perceptions and Power in Poland's Transition (2003) and Democracy in Poland (2002), coauthored with Ray Taras.

David P. Conradt has been a professor of political science at East Carolina University since 1993. From 1968 to 1993 he was at the University of Florida (Gainesville). He has also held joint appointments at universities in Konstanz, Mannheim, Cologne, and Dresden. Among his recent publications are The German Polity (Tenth Edition); A Precarious Victory: Schr?der and the German Elections of 2002 (2005); and Power Shift in Germany: The 1998 Election and the End of the Kohl Era (2000). He has also published a variety of articles and monographs on German political culture, parties, and elections, including ``The Shrinking Elephants: The 2009 Election and the Changing Party System'' (German Politics and Society, 2010). In 2005 the president of the Federal Republic awarded him the Merit Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany for his body of work.

Raffaella Y. Nanetti is professor of urban planning and policy (UPP) in the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs, University of Illinois at Chicago, having served as the UPP director in the 1990s at the time of the creation of the new College. She was a member, with Robert D. Putnam and Robert Leonardi, of the study team that carried out the twenty-year longitudinal study of Italian regional and local institutions from which the concept of "social capital" was empirically derived (Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, 1992). Since the mid-1990s she has worked on the application of the concept of social capital to the field of urban planning, focusing on social capital-building strategies to improve institutional performance and to promote and sustain local and regional development.

Since 2010 he has been Visiting Professor in the School of Government at the LUISS University in Rome and teaches in the field of European public policy. Previously he was a member of the European Institute at the London School of Economics (1991-2010) and held the position of Director General in the Regional Government of Sicily (2008.2009) responsible for the Structural Funds and extra-regional affairs. He has served as a founding member and past president of the Conference Group on Italian Politics and Society and is a current member of the British Academy of the Social Sciences. William Safran is professor emeritus of political science at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He has also taught at City University of New York and at the Universities of Bordeaux, Grenoble, and Nice in France and Santiago de Compostela in Spain. He has written numerous articles on French and European politics and on national identity and related subjects. His recent books include The French Polity, 7th ed. (2009); Language, Ethnic Identity, and the State (2005); The Secular and the Sacred: Nation, Religion, and Politics (2002); and Identity and Territorial Autonomy in Plural Societies (2000). He is the founding editor of the journal Nationalism and Ethnic Politics and general editor of Routledge Studies in Nationalism and Ethnicity.

Stephen White is James Bryce Professor of Politics at the University of Glasgow, and also Visiting Professor at the Institute of Applied Politics in Moscow. He was chief editor of the Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics until 2011, and is currently coeditor of the Journal of Eurasian Studies. His recent publications include Putin's Russia and the Enlarged Europe (with Roy Allison and Margot Light, 2006), Understanding Russian Politics (2011), Developments in Central and East European Politics 5 (coedited, 2013) and Developments in Russian Politics 8 (coedited, 2014). He is currently working on the implications of EU and NATO enlargement for Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus, and on changes in the political elite over the Putin and Medvedev presidencies. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 2010.
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