Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century : Authors and Arguments

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This book demonstrates the rich diversity and depth of political philosophy in the twentieth century. Catherine H. Zuckert has compiled a collection of essays recounting the lives of political theorists, connecting each biography with the theorist's life work and explaining the significance of the contribution to modern political thought. The essays are organized to highlight the major political alternatives and approaches. Beginning with essays on John Dewey, Carl Schmitt and Antonio Gramsci, representing the three main political alternatives - liberal, fascist and communist - at mid-century, the book proceeds to consider the lives and works of emigres such as Hannah Arendt, Eric Voegelin, and Leo Strauss, who brought a continental perspective to the United States after World War II. The second half of the collection contains essays on recent defenders of liberalism, such as Friedrich Hayek, Isaiah Berlin and John Rawls and liberalism's many critics, including Michel Foucault, Jurgen Habermas and Alasdair MacIntyre.
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'This book provides a valuable alternative perspective on the development of contemporary political philosophy.' The Times Higher Education Supplement 'This collection of essays provides an overview of the work and lives of eighteen thinkers who made significant contributions to the development of political philosophy in the last century...Zuckert's volume deserves a wide readership to help us acquire a better sense of the discipline's past, keeping the post-Rawlsian achievement in perspective.' Philosophy in Review
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Table of contents

Introduction Catherine H. Zuckert; Part I. The Three Basic Alternatives in the Early Twentieth Century: 1. John Dewey: philosophy as theory of education David Fott; 2. Carl Schmitt political theology and the concept of the political Tracy B. Strong; 3. Antonio Gramsci: liberation begins with critical thinking Joseph Buttigieg; Part II. Emigre Responses to World War II: 4. Philosophy as a way of life Steven B. Smith; 5. The philosopher's vocation: the Voegelinian paradigm Ellis Sandoz; 6. Yves R. Simon: a philosopher's quest for science and prudence Walter Nicgorski; 7. Hannah Arendt: from philosophy to politics Dana R. Villa; Part III. The Revival of Liberal Political Philosophy: 8. Friedrich Hayek on the nature of social order and law Eric Mack; 9. Michael Oakeshott: the philosophical skeptic in an impatient age Timothy Fuller; 10. Moral pluralism and liberal democracy: Isaiah Berlin's heterodox liberalism William Galston; 11. H. L. A. Hart: a twentieth-century Oxford political philosopher John M. Finnis; Part IV. Critiques of Liberalism: 12. John Rawls and the task of political philosophy Paul Weithman; 13. Richard Rorty: liberalism, irony, and social hope Michael Bacon; 14. Jean-Paul Sartre: 'in the soup' William Leon McBride; 15. Michel Foucault: an ethical politics of care of self and others Alan Milchman and Alan Rosenberg; 16. Jurgen Habermas: postwar German critical debates and the making of a theorist William E. Scheuerman; 17. Alasdair MacIntyre on political thinking and the tasks of politics Arthur Madigan, SJ; 18. Another philosopher-citizen: the political philosophy of Charles Taylor Ruth Abbey.
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About Catherine H. Zuckert

Catherine H. Zuckert is currently a Professor of Political Science as well as the editor-in-chief of The Review of Politics, at the University of Notre Dame. She has written several books, including Plato's Philosophers: The Coherence of the Dialogues. Her books have won several awards, including: the R. R. Hawkins award for the Best Scholarly and Professional Book published in 2009; PROSE awards for the best book in philosophy and excellence in the humanities and the PSP award for the Best Book in Philosophy and Religion in 1990. Zuckert has had articles published in Political Theory, The Journal of Politics, History of Political Thought, The Review of Politics, Philosophy and Rhetoric, Epoche, Review of Metaphysics, Polity, Interpretation, and The Claremont Review of Books.
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