Policy by Other Means

Policy by Other Means : Alternative Adoption by Presidents

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Under the U.S. Constitution, Congress bears responsibility for establishing national policy through legislation, but in recent years that power has often been eclipsed by presidents adopting public policy by other means. Steven A. Shull offers a systematic study of the relative importance of four tools presidents use to create policy without going through Congress: budgeting, executive orders, executive agreements, and commitment of troops. Employing both statistical analyses of recent presidents' use of alternative policy means and case studies of each tool, Shull investigates the factors that affect whether and when the chief executive becomes, in effect, the chief policy maker, budgeter, or diplomat. He examines individual, institutional, and environmental variables, as well as several controls that may influence the choice of unilateral or alternative policy actions. Shull's quantitative analyses help to illustrate not only trends over time in the independent actions of presidents but also the complexity of the factors that influence those trends. Scholars of the presidency, of executive-legislative relations, and of public policy will gain important insight into presidential power from Shull's careful analysis of unilateral and other alternative policy adoption.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 240 pages
  • 154.9 x 246.4 x 25.4mm | 521.64g
  • Texas A & M University Press
  • College Station, United States
  • English
  • 7 charts, 25 tables, bibliography, index
  • 1585445134
  • 9781585445134

About Steven A. Shull

STEVEN A. SHULL was most recently University Research Professor of Political Science at the University of New Orleans. Due to displacement by Hurricane Katrina, he has retired from this position and is currently visiting professor at Ohio State University.show more

Review quote

"He analyzes these presidential prerogatives systematically with an impressive array of data that covers more than fifty years. He has developed a fairly elaborate model and tests it empirically allowing him to address a number of key research questions in the study of the presidency and presidential-congressional relations."--Lance t. LeLoup, C.O. and Mary Johnson Distinguished Professor of Political Science, Washington State Universityshow more