Policing America

Policing America : Methods, Issues, Challenges

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Based on the author's 35 years of experience as a scholar and police practitioner, Policing America: Methods, Issues, Challenges 5e provides a comprehensive and realistic introduction to one of the most difficult and challenging occupations in America. The text delivers a "real world" look at policing, and show students what it is like to wear a police uniform in America today.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 512 pages
  • 198.1 x 254 x 22.9mm | 1,111.31g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • Upper Saddle River, NJ, United States
  • English
  • 5th edition
  • 013118864X
  • 9780131188648

Table of contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with RMSummary - Review Questions - Independent Student. Activities - Related Web Sites - Notes.) 1. Historical Development.English and Colonial Officers of the Law.Sheriff - Constable - Coroner - Justice of the Peace. The Old English System of Policing.Policing in Colonial America - Legacies of the Colonial Period. Police Reform in England and America, 1829-1860.Full-Time Policing Comes to the United States.Imitating Peel - Early Issues and New Traditions - Attempts at Reform in Difficult Times - Increased Politics and Corruption - Meanwhile, on the American Frontier . . .practitioner's perspective: "what science has done for the police," chief francis o'neill, chicago, 1903The Entrenchment of Political Influence.The Movement toward Professionalization.Attempts to Thwart Political Patronage - The Era of August. Vollmer - The Crime Fighter Image - The Wickersham. Commission - Police as the "Thin Blue Line": William H. Parker.A Retreat from the Professional Model.Coming Full Circle to Peel: The President's Crime Commission.Community-Oriented Policing and Problem-Solving Era.The Three Generations of COPPS. 2. Law Enforcement Levels and Functions: Toward Defending OurHomeland.Federal Agencies.The Department of Homeland Security - The Department of Justice - Other Related Federal Agencies.State and Local Agencies.State Police - Local (Municipal Police and County Sheriff) Agencies.3. Police Subculture: The Making of a Cop.First Things First: Recruiting Qualified Applicants.Wanted: Those Who Walk on Water - Recruiting Problems and Successes.Testing: The Hurdle Process for New Personnel. Written Examinations: General Knowledge and Psychological Tests - Physical Agility Test - Oral Interview - Character. Investigation - Polygraph Examination - Medical Examination and Drug Screening.The Recruit's Formal Entry into Policing: Academy Training.Types of Academies - The Curriculum: Status and Ongoing Need for Revision - A New Uniform and Demeanor - A Sixth Sense.Postacademy Field Training.The Field Training Officer Concept - New Technology.Having the "Right Stuff": A Working Personality. Developing and Using a Police Personality - What Traits Make a Good Cop?Roles, Functions, and Styles of Policing.Defining and Understanding the Police Role - Role. Conflicts - Policing Functions and Styles - Which Role, Function, and Style Is Typically Employed? 4. Organization and Administration.Organizations and the Police.What Are Organizations? - Organizations as Bureaucracies.Organizational Communication.Definition and Characteristics - Communication within Police. Organizations - The Grapevine - Written Communication - Barriers to Effective Communication.Police Agencies as Organizations.Chain of Command - Organizational Structure - Unity of Command and Span of Control - Organizational Policies and Procedures.Contemporary Police Chiefs and Sheriffs.The Police Chief - The Sheriff.The Chief Executive Officer: A Model.Applying the Mintzberg Model of CEOs - The Interpersonal Role - The Informational Role - The Decision-Maker Role.practitioner's perspective: "police ingenuity and entrepreneurship," Dennis D. Richards.An Example of Mintzberg in Action: NYPD's Compstat.Middle Managers: Captains and Lieutenants.The First-Line Supervisor.Ten Tasks - Types of Supervisors.Police and Politics.Political Exploitation of the Police - Police Executive Relations and Expectations. 5. On Patrol: Methods and Menaces.Patrol as Work: Culture of the Beat.Purposes and Nature of Patrol - Filling Occasional Hours of Boredom - Patrol Work as a Function of Shift. Assignment - Influences of One's Assigned Beat - Where Danger Lurks: The Hazards of Beat Patrol.An Unappreciated American Icon: The Patrol Vehicle.A Sanctuary and a Place for Vital Gear - Evolution of the Patrol Vehicle - Today's Accoutrements.Studies of the Patrol Function. Discretionary Use of Police Authority.The Link between Patrol and Discretion - An Exercise in Discretion - Attempts to Define Discretion - Determinants of Discretionary Actions - Pros, Cons, and Politics of Discretionary Authority.A Related Function: Traffic.Policing Today's Motorized Society - Traffic Accident Investigation - In Pursuit of the "Phantom Driver"6. Community-Oriented Policing and Problem Solving.Basic Principles of Community Policing.A Major Step Forward: Problem-Oriented Policing.The Problem-Solving Process: SARA.A Collaborative Approach: Basic Principles of COPPS.Implementing COPPS.Principal Components of Successful Implementation.A Broader Role for the Street Officer.Did It Succeed? Evaluating COPPS.Crime Prevention.Crime Prevention through Environmental Design - Studying Prey: Repeat Victimization - Drug Abuse and Resistance Education.COPPS Case Studies.Addressing Domestic Violence in Charlotte-Mecklenburg - Ameliorating Juvenile Problems in Tulsa.7. Criminal Investigation: The Science of Detection.The Scope of Forensic Science and Criminalistics.Origins of Criminalistics.Personal Identification: Anthropometry and Dactylography - Firearms Identification - Contributions of August Vollmer and Others.The Evolution of Criminal Investigation.Investigative Beginnings: The English Contribution - Investigative Techniques Come to America - State and Federal Developments.Forensic Science and the Criminal Justice System.Investigative Stages and Activities - Arrest and Case Preparation.Qualities of Detectives.Officers Who "Disappear": Working Undercover.Problems with the Role - Returning to Patrol Duties.Uses of the Polygraph.DNA Analysis.Methods - The Debate about Forced Testing - Recent Developments: Mitochondrial DNA and National Databases.Behavioral Science in Criminal Investigation.Criminal Profiling - Psychics and Hypnosis.Recent Developments in Forensic Science and Investigation.Interrogations of a Different Sort: Terrorism Suspects - Forensic Entomology: Using "Insect Detectives" Stalking Investigations - Investigating "Cybercrooks" - Protecting the Innocents: Investigating Crimes against Juveniles and Missing Youths - No Stone Unturned: Handling Cold Cases. 8. Extraordinary Problems and Methods.Terrorism and Homeland Security.A Nation Changed and Challenged - Definitions and Types - Greater Law Enforcement Powers: The PATRIOT Act - Spiking Resources - Time for an Intelligence Overhaul? - A Companion Threat: Bioterrorism.practitioner's perspective, "bioterrorism: the challenges for local law enforcement," kenneth w. hunter jr., sc.d.Policing Hate.Policing the Mafia.Origin and Organization.practitioner's perspective, "going undercover: an fbi agent's two-year experience," george togliatti.Successful Police Offensives.Policing Street Gangs.Definition and Extent of the Problem - Organization and Revenues - Ethnic and Racial Types of Gangs - Graffiti and Hand Signals - New Threats - Gangs and Terrorism.Policing America's Borders.A New Terrorist Watch Program - The Southwestern Border - New Technologies: Border Drones. 9. The Rule of Law.The Rule of Law.The Fourth Amendment - The Fifth Amendment - The Sixth Amendment.Juvenile Rights.10. Accountability: Ethics, Force and Corruption, and Discipline.In the Beginning: Problems Greet the New Millennium.Troubles in Cities Large and Small - A New Tool: Federal Investigations.Police Ethics. A Scenario - Definition and Types - Ethics and Community Policing.Use of Violence and Force. A Tradition of Problems - The Prerogative to Use Force - Police Brutality - Use and Control of Lethal Force - Further Sources of Tension: Bias-Based Policing and Other Field Tactics - A Related Issue: Domestic Violence.Police Corruption.A Long-Standing "Plague" on Policing - Types and Causes - The Code of Silence - Investigation and Prosecution - Possible Solutions.Limitations on Officers' Constitutional Rights.Free Speech - Searches and Seizures - Self-Incrimination - Religious Practices - Sexual Misconduct - Residency Requirements - Moonlighting - Misuse of Firearms - Alcohol and Drug Abuse.Disciplinary Policies and Practices.Maintaining the Public Trust - Due Process Requirements - Dealing with Complaints - Determining the Level and Nature of Sanctions.11. Civil Liability: Failing the Public Trust.A Legal Foundation.History and Growth of Section 1983 Litigation - Police Actions Leading to Section 1983 Liability - Criminal Prosecutions for Police Misconduct.Liability of Police Supervisors.practitioner's perspective, "police and civil liability," samuel g. man.New Areas of Potential Liability.Police Vehicle Pursuits: A High-Stakes Operation - Computer Evidence - Disseminating Public Information.12. Issues and Trends.Contemporary Policing Trends.Labor Relations: Officers' Rights, Unionization, and Collective Bargaining - Women Who Wear the Badge.practitioner's perspective, "women in policing: past, present, and future," chief penny harrington.Minorities as Police Officers - On Guard: The Private Police - Accreditation.Contemporary Policing Issues.Higher Education for Police - A Related Program: The Police Corps - Stress: Sources, Effects, and Management.13. Comparative Perspectives: Policing in Foreign Countries.Iraq.A History of Dictators and Disorder - Policing the World's Most Perilous Place - Since Saddam's Fall: A Poorly Trained and Equipped Force - The Future.Saudi Arabia.An Exodus over Terrorism - Social Behavior in a Patriarchal Land - Religious Underpinnings - Laws and Prohibitions - Guardians of Religious Purity.China.Policing a Vast Land - Reform under Police Law 1995.Northern Ireland. Recent Developments and Violence in a Long Civil War - A Divided Land - Political Factions - Policing the Terrorist War - A New Source of Terror: Paramilitary Groups.Mexico.A New President, Unfulfilled Promises - Police Organization - Recruitment and Training - Criminal Codes and the Legal System - Jail Atrocities.Toward Democratizing the Police Abroad: Lessons Learned.Interpol.Tracking International Criminals - A Formula for Success.14. Technology Review.Police and Technology of the Future: Problems and Prospects.Technology versus Terrorists.The Development of Less-Lethal Weapons.A Historical Overview - The Quest Continues.The Use of Wireless Technology.Instant Access to Information - Integrated Databases - Crime Mapping - Locating Serial Offenders - Gunshot Locator System - Dogs and Searches for Lost Persons.Electronics in Traffic Functions.Accident Investigation - Arresting Impaired Drivers - Preventing High-Speed Pursuits.DNA.Fingerprints and Mug Shots.Crime Scenes: Computers to Explore and Draft Evidence.Developments Relevant to Firearms.Computer-Assisted Training - Using Gun "Fingerprints" to Solve Cases.Gang Intelligence Systems.15. Focus on the Future.Taking Futures Seriously: A Working Group and a Futurists' Society.What the Future Might Hold for the Police.Futures Research - High Technology: Coming Attractions - Community-Oriented Policing and Problem Solving - The Role of the Beat Officer - Other Personnel Issues.Crime, Violence, and the Influence of Drugs and Guns.Appendix I: Career Information.Appendix II: The Police Corps.Index.show more

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