Plasma Physics
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Plasma Physics : An Introduction

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Description

Encompasses the Lectured Works of a Renowned Expert in the Field





Plasma Physics: An Introduction is based on a series of university course lectures by a leading name in the field, and thoroughly covers the physics of the fourth state of matter. This book looks at non-relativistic, fully ionized, nondegenerate, quasi-neutral, and weakly coupled plasma. Intended for the student market, the text provides a concise and cohesive introduction to plasma physics theory, and offers a solid foundation for students wishing to take higher level courses in plasma physics.





Mathematically Rigorous, but Driven by Physics





This work contains over 80 exercises-carefully selected for their pedagogical value-with fully worked out solutions available in a separate solutions manual for professors. The author provides an in-depth discussion of the various fluid theories typically used in plasma physics. The material presents a number of applications, and works through specific topics including basic plasma parameters, the theory of charged particle motion in inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields, plasma fluid theory, electromagnetic waves in cold plasmas, electromagnetic wave propagation through inhomogeneous plasmas, magnetohydrodynamical fluid theory, and kinetic theory.







Discusses fluid theory illustrated by the investigation of Langmuir sheaths
Explores charged particle motion illustrated by the investigation of charged particle trapping in the earth's magnetosphere
Examines the WKB theory illustrated by the investigation of radio wave propagation in the earth's ionosphere
Studies the MHD theory illustrated by the investigation of solar wind, dynamo theory, magnetic reconnection, and MHD shocks





Plasma Physics: An Introduction addresses applied areas and advanced topics in the study of plasma physics, and specifically demonstrates the behavior of ionized gas.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 293 pages
  • 156 x 235 x 17.78mm | 548g
  • CRC Press Inc
  • Bosa Roca, United States
  • English
  • 1 Tables, black and white; 36 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1466594268
  • 9781466594265
  • 1,716,643

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Table of contents

Introduction


What is Plasma?


Brief History of Plasma Physics


Fundamental Parameters


Plasma Frequency


Debye Shielding


Plasma Parameter


Collisions


Magnetized Plasmas


Plasma Beta


DeBroglie Wavelength


Exercises


Charged Particle Motion


Introduction


Motion in Uniform Fields


Method of Averaging


Guiding Center Motion


Magnetic Drifts


Invariance of Magnetic Moment


Poincar'e Invariants


Adiabatic Invariants


Magnetic Mirrors


Van Allen Radiation Belts


Equatorial Ring Current


Second Adiabatic Invariant


Third Adiabatic Invariant


Motion in Oscillating Fields


Exercises


Collisions


Introduction


Collision Operator


Two-Body Elastic Collisions


Boltzmann Collision Operator


Collisional Conservation Laws


Boltzmann H-Theorem


Two-Body Coulomb Collisions


Rutherford Scattering Cross-Section


Landau Collision Operator


Coulomb Logarithm


Rosenbluth Potentials


Collision Times


Exercises


Plasma Fluid Theory


Introduction


Moments of Distribution Function


Moments of Collision Operator


Moments of Kinetic Equation


Fluid Equations


Entropy Production


Fluid Closure


Chapman-Enskog Closure


Normalization of Neutral Gas Equations


Braginskii Equations


Normalization of Braginskii Equations


Cold-Plasma Equations


MHD Equations


Drift Equations


Closure in Collisionless Magnetized Plasmas


Langmuir Sheaths


Exercises


Waves in Cold Plasmas


Introduction


Plane Waves in homogeneous Plasmas


Cold-Plasma Dielectric Permittivity


Cold-Plasma Dispersion Relation


Wave Polarization


Cutoff and Resonance


Waves in Unmagnetized Plasmas


Low-Frequency Wave Propagation


Parallel Wave Propagation


Perpendicular Wave Propagation


Exercises


Wave Propagation Through Inhomogeneous Plasmas


Introduction


WKB Solutions


Cutoffs


Resonances


Resonant Layers


Collisional Damping


Pulse Propagation


Ray Tracing


Ionospheric Radio Wave Propagation


Exercises


Magnetohydrodynamic Fluids


Introduction


Magnetic Pressure


Flux Freezing


MHD Waves


Solar Wind


Parker Model of Solar Wind


Interplanetary Magnetic Field


Mass and Angular Momentum Loss


MHD Dynamo Theory


Homopolar Disk Dynamo


Slow and Fast Dynamos


Cowling Anti-Dynamo Theorem


Ponomarenko Dynamo


Magnetic Reconnection


Linear Tearing Mode Theory


Nonlinear Tearing Mode Theory


Fast Magnetic Reconnection


MHD Shocks


Parallel MHD Shocks


Perpendicular MHD Shocks


Oblique MHD Shocks


Exercises


Waves in Warm Plasmas


Introduction


Landau Damping


Physics of Landau Damping


Plasma Dispersion Function


Ion Acoustic Waves


Waves in Magnetized Plasmas


Parallel Wave Propagation


Perpendicular Wave Propagation


Electrostatic Waves


Velocity-Space Instabilities


Counter-Propagating Beam Instability


Current-Driven Ion Acoustic Instability


Harris Instability


Exercises


Bibliography


Index
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Review quote

"[This] book is a textbook treating plasma physics in its breadth, on an introductory level, however focusing on the by far most common form of plasma, which is the `fully ionised, non-relativistic, non-degenerate, quasi-neutral and weakly coupled plasma'...The present book is intended to accompany a graduate-level course on plasma physics, giving appropriate end-of-chapter problems (with a solutions manual available for teachers)... The text is nicely structured into short sections, treating the topic with full mathematical rigour and with references to scientific publications. It assumes an understanding of classical mechanics, electrodynamics, waves and oscillations, integral and differential calculus, vector fields, complex analysis, and Fourier and Laplace transforms.
The overall text is rather concise (290 pages with 36 black-and-white illustrations) and the topics are well chosen for such a brief introduction...the book deserves a recommendation as a companion for an introductory course in the subject."
-Manuel Vogel, GSI Darmstadt, in Contemporary Physics (Vol. 57, No. 4)


"In recent years, graduate and advanced undergraduate students with a suitable background in classical mechanics and electromagnetic theory have had the luxury of choosing between several very good textbooks that present the core principles of plasma physics. In that crowded field, Richard Fitzpatrick's Plasma Physics: An Introduction distinguishes itself by its excellence. For those of us who have admired Fitzpatrick for his seminal contributions to the subject of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities in fusion plasmas, his book is as much a source of pleasure as his papers are for their clarity and rigor. ... the book has some unique features that make it especially attractive to both students and researchers. Examples include systematic and readable accounts of the Braginskii equations and the Chapman-Enskog method for weakly collisional plasmas. Nice physical explanations for the transport effects that emerge from the baroque complexity of orderings and expansions will help students see the forest for the trees. ... an excellent and compact textbook-complete with problem sets and references-that has earned a permanent place on my bookshelf. Thanks to the several useful and well-presented topics, I would expect the book to endure as a standard text in colleges and universities all over the world."
-Physics Today, July 2015


"Certainly we are not short of introductory textbooks for plasma physics, but I endorse this new one since it stands out for a couple of good reasons. First, this book provides broad background materials without targeting one particular area of applications of plasma physics. This is not the case for most of the available plasma physics books on the market. ... writing such a book is certainly not an easy task as most authors are brought up to their status by practicing one particular application.
Second, the book goes into fine details of the step-by-step derivations, which is very valuable for students wanting to work through the process. ... Finally, it contains a rich set of real-world examples for applications of introductory plasma physics. A good example of such is Van Allen radiation belts mentioned in Chapter 2: Charged Particle Motion. It is just amazing to see how much physics insights we can gain about these complicated space plasma physics phenomena through simple charged particle motions, which are typically described abstractly in other textbooks."
-Hantao Ji, Professor of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University


"One of the most confusing features of plasma physics is the wealth of different levels of description that can be used in different circumstances. ... This book provides an excellent treatment of these different starting points for the description of plasma phenomena, explaining in detail how they are related and the regimes in which each is applicable. A student who works through the book and problems in each chapter will have an excellent grounding for further work in the subject. More experienced researchers will find that it provides interesting insights into the basics of the subject and is a valuable source of reference."
-Alan Cairns, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland


"This introduction to plasma physics by Richard Fitzpatrick originates from many years of lecturing and it shows-in the most positive way! The selection of topics is appealing to anyone entering into high temperature plasma physics, be it astrophysics or fusion. The physics explanations are intuitive and give great insight and yet the mathematical treatment is rigorous where necessary. Definitely recommended for plasma physics students, but also the experienced researcher will find interesting aspects."
-Hartmut Zohm, Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Garching, Germany
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About Richard Fitzpatrick

Richard Fitzpatrick is a Professor of Physics at the University of Texas at Austin, where he has been a faculty member since 1994. He is a member of the Royal Astronomical Society, a fellow of the American Physical Society, and the author of Maxwell's Equations and the Principles of Electromagnetism (2008), An Introduction to Celestial Mechanics (2012), and Oscillations and Waves: An Introduction (2013). He earned a Master's degree in physics from the University of Cambridge and a DPhil in astronomy from the University of Sussex.
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