Plant Stems

Plant Stems : Physiology and Functional Morphology

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Despite the preponderance of attention received by leaves and roots, stems and trunks are crucial components of plant form, structure, and function. The time has come, as this book testifies, to devote the same level of scrutiny to the structures that connect leaves to roots. Gartner has assembled an international team of leading researchers whose contributions attest to the many roles stems and trunks play in plant architecture, ecology, anatomy, physiology, and reproduction. These chapters vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures
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Product details

  • Hardback | 456 pages
  • 159 x 235 x 23mm | 790g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • index
  • 0122764609
  • 9780122764608

Table of contents

Part 1 Roles of stem architecture in plant performance: plant stems - biomechanical adaption for energy capture and influence on species distributions, T.J. Givnish; opportunities and constraints in the placement of flowers and fruits, D.M. Waller and D.A. Steingraeber; the biomechanical optimum in woody stems, C. Mattheck; shrub stems - form and function, B.F. Wilson. Part 2 Roles of stems in transport and storage of water: limitations on stem water transport and their consequences, J.S. Sperry; patterns of xylem variation within a tree and their hydraulic and mechanical consequences, B.L. Gartner; stem water storage, N.M. Holbrook. Part 3 Roles of live stem cells in plant performance: role of stems in transport, storage and circulation of ions and metabolites by the whole plant, J.S. Pate and W.D. Jeschke; the low profile directors of C- and N-economy in plants - the parenchyma cells associated with translocation channels, A.J.E. van Bel; stem photosynthesis - extent, patterns and role in plant carbon economy, E.T. Nilsen; microflora and microfauna on stems and trunks - diversity, foodwebs and effects on plants, E.R. Ingham and A.R. Moldenke; developmental potential of shoot buds, J.P. Stafstrom; respiratory gas exchange and cambial function in tree stems, T.W. Kimmerer and J. Stringer; hormonal control of radial and longitudinal growth in the tree stem, C.H.A. Little and R.P. Pharis. Part 4 Roles of stems in preventing or reacting to responses to plant injury: stems and fires, A.M. Gill; response of stem growth and function to air pollution, J.A. Weber and N.E. Grulke; chemical antiherbivore defense, J.S. Bryant and K.F. Raffa; stem defense against pathogens, L. Shain; synthesis, T.M. Hinckley and P.S. Schulte.
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