The Pioneers and Progress of English Farming

The Pioneers and Progress of English Farming

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1888 edition. Excerpt: ...part of the land, but the ownership was vested in the feudal barons. Peasants could not acquire more than the dominium utile; the dominium directum belonged to the landlord. They were really serfs, fixed to the soil, irremovable from the manor, holding their land by money rents and personal services. They enjoyed common rights among themselves and usufructuary rights over the demesne. Thus, though the soil was divided into a number of individual properties, freehold ownership was practically unknown. The objects and results of Prussian agrarian legislation were to emancipate the peasant from serfdom, release him from the manorial land, and abolish his personal services, to consolidate intersected estates and extinguish common rights. Landlords received as compensation for the release of their serfs a portion of the peasant lands; the peasant retained as freehold a diminished portion of the soil which he had occupied. The Legislature in fact effected a compromise by an interchange of interests. Prussia remains to this day an example of that union of small, middle-sized, and large properties which is economically and socially the most advantageous organisation. As with Prussia, so with other states in Germany. Between 1817 and 1848, in Baden, Wiirttemberg, Bavaria, and Hesse, the serfdom of the peasants was abolished by redemption of feudal services; common rights were extinguished, or so regulated as no longer to retard agricultural progress; absolute individual ownership was substituted for common occupation by members of agrarian communities; landlords emerged from the transaction with an increased private estate, and peasants with a diminished but freehold property. The same legislation has produced with some varieties the same results both in...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 88 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 172g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123652828X
  • 9781236528285