Physics

Physics : Concepts and Connections

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\\1\textformat=02>Physics: Concepts and Connections" is expressly for readers who want to better understand the universe and their role in it. Its non-technical language is ideal for readers looking for a basic.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 580 pages
  • 266.7 x 299.72 x 38.1mm | 1,088.62g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Pearson
  • United States
  • 3rd edition
  • 013035709X
  • 9780130357090

About Art Hobson

Art Hobson started life in Philadelphia in 1934. His family moved to Manhattan, Kansas, in 1946, where he developed a passion for the trombone and jazz. He received a Bachelor of Music degree from the University of North Texas in Denton in 1955, was drafted and served in U.S. Army bands and the Seventh Army Symphony Orchestra in Europe during 1955-57, and then spent many months in New York City looking for steady employment as a musician. He soon decided that it might be better to switch to a different field. As a believer in the unity of art and science, Art found it congenial to move from music to physics. In 1964 he received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics from Kansas State University and joined the physics faculty at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, where he remains. His publications include Concepts in Statistical Mechanics (a research monograph), Physics and Human Affairs (an earlier textbook), The Future of Land-Based Strategic Missiles (an arms control study by a team of physicists, co-authored and co-edited by Art), and numerous papers on theoretical physics, the control and reduction of nuclear weapons, and physics education. He served for nine years as editor of the quarterly newsletter Physics and Society and was elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society in 1992 "for numerous contributions in the area of physics and society." In 1975, Art developed a new kind of physics course for nonscientists, one that connected physics to our society and culture. The course grew in size and popularity, and in 1989 he received the College of Arts and Science's Master Teacher Award for this achievement. This book is an outgrowth of that course. The previous two editions of this book were dedicated to Art's two children, whom he raised as a single father. He is delighted to have married Marie Riley, to whom this edition is dedicated, in 1997. Although he retired in 1999, he still pedals his bicycle to the university every day and is as over-involved as ever. He and Marie love to travel and often combine business trips to foreign lands with vacations. His latest hobby is learning German. He loves skiing, the theater, concerts, the beach, reading, writing, and bicycling. Although he's lost his trombone "chops," he values his arts background, remains an avid lover of jazz, and even pounds out an occasional tune on the piano.show more

Table of contents

I. PRELUDE: OF STARS AND ATOMS. 1. The Way of Science: Experience and Reason. Stardust: An Invitation to Science. Observing the Night Sky. Ancient Greek Theories: An Earth-Centered Universe. Copernicus's Theory: A Sun-Centered Universe. Kepler's Theory: A Sun-Focused Universe. The Scientific Revolution: A Dialogue between Nature and Mind. The Copernican Revolution: Dawn of the Modern Age.2. Atoms: The Nature of Things. The Greek Atom: the Smallest Pieces. Atoms and Molecules. Metric Distances and Powers of 10. The Atom's Explanatory Power: The Odor of Violets. The Smallness of Atoms: We All Are Breathing One Another. Atomic Materialism: Atoms and Empty Space. Three Atomic Models: Greek, Planetary, and Quantum. Chemistry and Life: What Did Atoms Ever Do for You?II. THE NEWTONIAN UNIVERSE: A CLOCKWORK KINGDOM. 3. How Things Move: Galileo Asks the Right Questions. Aristotelian Physics: A Commonsense View. How Do We Know? Difficulties with Aristotelian Physics. The Law of Inertia: Foundation of Newtonian Physics. Measuring Motion: Speed and Velocity. Measuring Motion: Acceleration. Galileo's Law of Falling.4. Why Things Move as They Do. Force: Why Things Accelerate. Connecting Force and Acceleration. Newton's Law of Motion: Centerpiece of Newtonian Physics. Weight: Gravity's Force on a Body. The Law of Force Pairs: You Can't Do Just One Thing. Newton Meets the Automobile.5. The Mechanical Universe. The Idea of Gravity: The Apple and the Moon. The Law of Gravity: Moving the Farthest Star. Gravitational Collapse: The Evolution of the Solar System. Gravitational Collapse: The Deaths of More Massive Stars. The Newtonian Worldview: A Democratic, Mechanical Universe. Beyond Newton: Limitations of Newtonian Physics.III. TRANSITION TO THE NEW PHYSICS. 6. Energy: You Can't Get Ahead. Work: Using a Force to Move Something. Work and Energy: A Simple Example. A Quantitative Look at Energy. Energy: The Ability to do Work. The Law of Energy: Energy Is Forever. Transformations of Energy. Power: The Quickness of Energy Transformation.7. Second Law of Thermodynamics: And You Can't Even Break Even. Heating. Heat Engines: Using Thermal Energy to Do Work. Energy Quality: Things Run Down. The Law of Entropy: Why You Can't Break Even. The Automobile. Transportation Efficiency. The Steam-Electric Power Plant. Resource Use and Exponential Growth.8. Light and Electromagnetism. Waves: Something Else That Travels. Interference: A Behavior Unique to Waves. Light: Particles or Wave? Electric Force: Part of the Electromagnetic Force. Magnetic Force: The Other Part. The Electric Atom: The Planetary Model. The Planetary Atom: A Useful Theory.9. Electromagnetic Radiation and Global Climate Change. Force Fields: A Disturbance of Space. The Electromagnetic Wave Theory of Light. The Decline of the Newtonian Universe. The Complete Spectrum. Solar Radiation: The Light from Our Star. Global Ozone Depletion: A Vulnerable Planet. Global Warming: The Overarching Issue Now.IV. THE POST-NEWTONIAN UNIVERSE: THE OBSERVER INTRUDES. 10. Relativity Theory. Einstein: Rebel with a Cause. Galilean Relativity: Relativity According to Newtonian Physics. The Principle of Relativity: Relativity According to Einstein. The Constancy of Lightspeek: Strange But True. Einstein's Logic, Materialism, and the Logic of Science. The Relativity of Time. Time Travel: You Can't Go Home Again.11. The Relativistic Universe. The Relativity of Space. The Relativity of Velocity According to Einstein. The Relativity of Mass: Inertia Is Relative. E = mc2: Energy Has Mass, and Mass Has Energy. Relativity and the Newtonian Worldview. The General Theory of Relativity: Einstein's Gravity. General Relativity and the Shape of the Universe. The Latest News from the Edge of the Universe: Dark Matter and Dark Energy.12. Are We Alone? The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Are There Other "Good" Places for Life? Does Life Develop on "Good" Planets? Is Intelligence a Characteristic Feature of Life? Does Intelligent Life Develop Technology? Interstellar Communication and Travel: Might We Make Contact? Fermi's Question: Where Is Everybody? Have We Been Visited? UFOs and Pseudoscience.13. The Quantum Theory. Quantization: The Photoelectric Effect. Radiation: Waves or Particles? The Duality of Nature. The Electron Interference Effect. Matter: Particles or Waves? The Quantum Mystery. The Psi Field: Nature Doesn't Know What She Will Do Next. The Quantum Theory of Matter and Radiation.14. The Quantum Universe. How Do We Know? Observing Atomic Spectra. The Quantum Atom. The Indeterminacy Principle: The Future Is not Determined by the Past. Quantum Jumps. The Interconnectedness Principle: Spooky Action at a Distance. What Does It Mean? Quantum Reality. Toward a Post-Newtonian Worldview.V. WITHIN THE ATOM: FIRE OF THE NUCLEUS, FIRE OF THE SUN. 15. The Nucleus and Radioactivity: A New Force. Nuclear Forces: The Third Glue. Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Structure. Radioactive Decay: A Spontaneous Nuclear Disintegration. Half-Life: When Does a Nucleus Decay? Radioactive Dating: When Did We Come From? Human Exposure to Ionizing Radiation. Risk Assessment: Dealing with Risk in a Technological Society.16. Fusion and Fission: And a New Energy. Fusion: Fire of the Sun. The Nuclear Energy Curve. Creation of the Universe and the Atoms: We Are Star Dust. The Discovery of Fission: Passage to a New Age. The Chain Reaction: Unlocking the Strong Force. The Manhattan Project and Fission Weapons. Fusion Weapons: Star Fire on Earth.17. The Energy Future. A Brief History of Energy. Energy Use Today and Future Possibilities. Nuclear Power: How It Works. Technology Assessment: An Example. Issues for Nuclear Power. Future Energy Options: Renewables. Future Energy Options: Using Less.18. Quantum Fields: Relativity Meets the Quantum. Quantized Fields: The Reason There Are Particles. Quantum Electrodynamics: The Strange Theory of Electrons and Light. Antimatter. Electroweak Unification and Neutrinos. The Strong Force and Quarks. Quantum Gravity: Physics at the Planck Scale. Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos: The Inflationary Universe.Epilogue: Summing Up. Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises and Problems. Glossary. Photo Credits. Index.show more

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