Physical Survey of Virginia

Physical Survey of Virginia

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1869 edition. Excerpt: ... whole year; and common arithmetic shows that 1750 vessels could fetch and carry as much in 12 months as 3,000 do in 7. The water route through Virginia is free from all these physical obstructions; the vessels that use it are not vexed by storms nor strained by the waves. It is shorter than the lake route, and it is annually open 350 days on an average. Besides, on it the Western people would not have to support 12 vessels to do the work of 7, but each would answer for itself, and there would be no winter lying up, 'no idle capital to pay for, &c. In comparing the cost of freights by the Lake route and the Virginia water-line, the advantages of the latter have been underestimated in this report, as will appear obvious to any one after a moment's reflection; e. g. the freight allowed from Chicago to Buffalo by lake averages 3.1 mills per ton per mile, while that allowed on the Virginia route is 4 mills. If lake transportation can be done for'3.1 mills per ton per mile, large transportation on the rivers ought with wholesome competition to be brought to still smaller figures. Because of boisterous navigation, lake tonnage not only costs more to build than river tonnage, but on the lake route 3,000 vessels are employed to do the work annually which 1750 could do there in a year if there were no interruption by ice. As it is now--of that portion of the grain of the West which reaches the Atlantic seaboard, only about half of it can take the Lake route, simply because the New York canals during the seven months of open navigation, can pass no more. There are those who, smarting under the necessity of new and better outlets for Western produce, are urging the general government to enlarge the Illinois and Michigan Canal, to improve the Fox more

Product details

  • Paperback | 38 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 86g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236539338
  • 9781236539335