The Physical Basis of Chemistry
Written to provide supplemental and mathematically challenging topics for the advanced lower-division undergraduate chemistry course, or the non-major. junior-level physical chemistry course, "The Physical Basis of Chemistry" offers students an opportunity to explore quantum mechanics, the Boltzmann distribution, and spectroscopy. Posed and answered are questions concerning everyday phenomena: How can two discharging shotguns and two stereo speakers be used to contrast particles and waves? Why does a collision between one atom of gas and the wall of its container transfer momentum but not much energy? How does a microwave oven work? Why does carbon dioxide production heat the earth? Why are leaves green, water blue, and how do the eyes detect the difference? The book deals directly with the substance of these questions, avoiding the use of predigested material more appropriate for memorization exercises than for actual concrete learning.
- Paperback | 184 pages
- 149.86 x 226.06 x 10.16mm | 294.83g
- 01 Jan 1994
- Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
- Academic Press Inc
- San Diego, United States
- references, index
Table of contents
The Tools of the Trade - Mathematical Concepts: Units of Measurement. Trigonometric Functions. Vectors and Directions. Exponentials and Logarithms. Derivatives. Applications of Derivatives. Principles of Integration. Physical Concepts for Chemistry: Newtonian Mechanics. Kinetic and Potential Energy. Collisional Dynamics. Harmonic Motion. Orbital Motion and Angular Momentum. Introduction to Waves. Introduction to Statistics and Statistical Mechanics: The "Random Walk" Problem. The Normal Distribution. Applications of the Normal Distribution in Chemistry and Physics. The Boltzmann Distribution. Applications of Statistics to Kinetics and Thermodynamics. The Kinetic Theories of Gases: Properties of Ideal Gases. The Three-Dimensional Speed Distribution. Relaxing the Assumptions. Diffusion and Effusion. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics: Prelude. Blackbody Radiation-Light as Particles Heat Capacity, and the Photoelectric Effect. Atomic Structure and Spectra-Quantization of Energy Particles as Waves. The Consequences of Wave-Particle Duality Classical Determinism and Quantum Indeterminacy Angular, Momentum and Quantization of Measurements. Particle-In-A-Box - Qualitative Results. Applications of Quantum Mechanics: Wavefunctions and Schrodinger's Equation. Particle-in a Box - Exact Solution. Schrodinger's Equation for the Hydrogen Atom. Multielectron Atoms and Molecules. The Interaction of Radiation with Matter: The Dynamics of Classical Molecules. Quantum Description of Translation, Rotation, and Vibration. Chemistry and the Origins of Colour. Lasers and Stimulated Emission.