Philosophy Through Fiction and Film
For Introduction to Philosophy courses or for courses in Humanities and Philosophy in/and/of Literature.Philosophy Through Fiction and Film offers a fresh approach to philosophy using literary and film narratives along with standard philosophic works to introduce students to the basic branches of the field. The fiction and film enliven the philosophic issues, tapping into today's cultural experience, and the philosophic works ground the issues, showing their deeper significance. At the same time, the fundamental issues of philosophy are covered to provide a complete introduction to the field.
- Paperback | 448 pages
- 145.3 x 244.9 x 19.8mm | 530.71g
- 16 May 2003
- Pearson Education (US)
- United States
Table of contents
PrefaceThe Aesthetic Experience of Film xiIntroduction: The Basic Branches of Philosophy xv I. Obtaining Reliable Knowledge: Epistemology 1 A. APPEARANCE AND REALITY: IS THEWORLD THEWAY IT SEEMS? 2 1. The Physical World As ShadowsThe Republic, Plato 4 2. The Visible Surface and Inner RealityThe Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge, Rainer MariaRilke 10 3. Differing Perspectives on TruthRashomon, Akira Kurosawa 16 B. MODES OF KNOWING: PERCEIVING, REASONING, INTUITING 24 1. Trusting Our Senses: EmpiricismAn Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding,David Hume 28 2. Using Our Heads: RationalismMeditations on First Philosophy, Rene Descartes 37 3. Intuitive AwarenessSiddhartha, Hermann Hesse 50 4. Imaginative UnderstandingJuliet of the Spirits, Federico Fellini 58 II. Exploring the Nature of Reality: Metaphysics 77 A. THE SELF: QUESTIONING ITS IDENTITY AND FREEDOM 78 1. The Continuity of the SelfEssays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, Thomas Reid 84 2. Being Defined by GenderThe Edible Woman, Margaret Atwood 90 3. Differentiating Persons from Machines2001, A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick 101B. THE UNIVERSE: WHAT IS ULTIMATELY REAL? 110 1. Positing Spirit as Fundamental: IdealismThree Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous,George Berkeley 115 2. Reality as Purposeless Matter: Naturalism"The Open Boat," Stephen Crane 124 3. The Problem of Virtual RealityThe Matrix, Wachowski Brothers 145 III. Judging the Value of Conduct: Ethics 157 A. RELATIVISM AND OBJECTIVISM: ARE THERE UNIVERSAL VALUES? 158 1. Investing Life With PurposeThe Humanism of Existentialism, Jean-Paul Sartre 162 2. The Limits of RelativismThe Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas,Ursula K. Le Guin 174 3. Recognizing Our ResponsibilitiesOn the Waterfront, Elia Kazan 181 B. IDEALS IN LIVING: DOINGWHAT'S RIGHT OR ACHIEVING THE GOOD 197 1. Pursuing Human HappinessUtilitarianism, John Stuart Mill 204 2. Obeying Moral PrinciplesGroundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals,Immanuel Kant 213 3. The Good versus the RightAntigone, Jean Anouilh 222 4. Awarding Priority to Human ValuesSaving Private Ryan, Steven Spielberg 235 IV. Foundations of Belief: The Philosophy of Religion 247 A. THE EXISTENCE OF GOD: EXAMINING THE ARGUMENTS 248 1. Attempting to Prove There Is a God Summa Theologica, St. Thomas Aquinas 254 2. Finding Meaning in Life Through Religion"The Death of Ivan Ilyitch," Leo Tolstoy 261 3. Is Religious Experience Authentic?Contact, Robert Zemeckis 283 B. THE PROBLEM OF EVIL: IF GOD IS GOOD, WHY DO PEOPLE SUFFER? 293 1. Overcoming Obstacles Builds CharacterThe Problem of Pain, C. S. Lewis 298 2. A Loving God Would Not Allow Childrento SufferThe Brothers Karamazov, Fedor Dostoevsky 306 3. Our Sins Bring Evil Down Upon UsThe Devil's Advocate, Taylor Hackford 323 V. Establishing the Social Order: Political Philosophy 337 A. THE INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY: FREEDOM AND EQUALITY 338 1. People Are Naturally Free, Equal,and IndependentSecond Treatise of Government, John Locke 344 2. Tribal Justice and Colonial JusticeThings Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe 355 3. The Ravages of the HolocaustSchindler's List, Steven Spielberg 371 B. THE IDEAL STATE: WHAT IS THE BEST FORM OF GOVERNMENT? 381 1. Various Forms Are Right Dependingon the CircumstancesThe Politics, Aristotle 385 2. Contentment Cannot JustifyTotalitarian ControlBrave New World, Aldous Huxley 392 3. Democracy, War, and the Will of the PeopleBorn on the Fourth of July, Oliver Stone 399 Credits 421Index 423
"The author tackles difficult material in a very straightforward and readable way. At the same time, he does not reduce the various views to caricatures. The combination of complexity and clarity is rare indeed." - Joseph H. Kupfer, Iowa State University "I like the use of fiction and film as philosophical material that the book provides. I also like the use of original texts that it offers. I especially like the sections on Appearance and Reality and the Universe." - Thomas E. Wartenberg, Mount Holyoke College
About Burton F. Porter
Dr. Burton F. Porter is Professor of Philosophy at Western New England College in Massachusetts, having done his undergraduate work at the University of Maryland and his graduate work at St. Andrews University (Scotland) and Oxford University. He is the author of The Voice of Reason (2002), The Good Life: Alternatives in Ethics, 3/e (2000), Philosophy: A Literary and Conceptual Approach, 3/e (1998), Religion and Reason (1993), Reasons for Living (1988), Personal Philosophy: Perspectives on Living (1976), and Deity and Morality (1968).