Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of Science : A New Introduction

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Description

Offering an engaging and accessible portrait of the current state of the field, Philosophy of Science: A New Introduction shows students how to think philosophically about science and why it is both essential and fascinating to do so. Gillian Barker and Philip Kitcher reconsider the core questions in philosophy of science in light of the multitude of changes that have taken place in the decades since the publication of C.G. Hempel's classic work, Philosophy of Natural Science (1966)-both in the field and also in history and sociology of science and the sciences themselves. They explore how philosophical questions are connected to vigorous current debates-including climate change, science and religion, race, intellectual property rights, and medical research priorities-showing how these questions, and philosophers' attempts to answer them, matter in the real world. Featuring numerous illustrative examples and extensive further reading lists, Philosophy of Science: A New Introduction is ideal for courses in philosophy of science, history and philosophy of science, and epistemology/theory of knowledge. It is also compelling and illuminating reading for scientists, science students, and anyone interested in the natural sciences and in their place in global society today.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 208 pages
  • 140 x 210 x 14mm | 260g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 0195366190
  • 9780195366198
  • 479,078

About Gillian Barker

Gillian Barker is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Western University and a founding member of the Rotman Institute of Philosophy, an interdisciplinary research center fostering academic inquiry and public discussion concerning issues at the intersection between philosophy and the sciences. Philip Kitcher is John Dewey Professor of Philosophy at Columbia. He is the author of books and articles on issues in the philosophy of science. He has been President of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) and Editor-in-Chief of Philosophy of Science. A Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, he also received the Prometheus Prize, awarded by the American Philosophical Association for work in expanding the frontiers of science and philosophy.show more

Review quote

`Gillian Barker and Philip Kitcher offer an elegant integration of ideas from the history, sociology, and philosophy of science. The discussion is philosophically rich and conceptually deep, but remains accessible throughout. Their treatment is a useful guide for anyone interested in understanding both the success of scientific methods and the limits, epistemic and moral, of scientific authority.`--Bruce Glymour, Kansas State University `Philosophy of Science: A New Introduction is an excellent work that should become a standard text in introduction to philosophy of science courses for many years to come. Its best quality is the way in which it reorients the field of philosophy of science to questions of social and political relevance.`--Justin B. Biddle, Georgia Institute of Technology `This is an excellent book written by two excellent scholars. I think that it is the first attempt to recast the format of classical philosophy of science textbooks to take into account how the field has changed since the mid-20th century. I suspect that it will quickly become the standard textbook, and also a stimulating introduction for lay readers and scientists.`--Michael Weisberg, University of Pennsylvaniashow more

Table of contents

EACH CHAPTER ENDS WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING. ; CHAPTER 1: SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY ; 1.0 Scientific disputes and philosophical questions ; 1.1 Modern science: A brief history ; 1.2 Images of Science ; CHAPTER 2: THE ANALYTIC PROJECT ; 2.0 Demarcating Science ; 2.1 Confirmation ; 2.2 Theories ; 2.3 Explanation ; 2.4 Failures-and Successes ; CHAPTER 3: THE VIEW FROM THE SCIENCES ; 3.0 The sciences on their own terms ; 3.1 The ideal of unified science ; 3.2 The ineradicability of causation ; 3.3 Against the supernatural ; 3.4 Making sense of ourselves ; 3.5 Naturalizing knowledge ; CHAPTER 4: SCIENCE, HISTORY, AND SOCIETY ; 4.0 More than anecdote ; 4.1 Frameworks and revolutions ; 4.2 The bogey of relativism ; 4.3 Success, truth, and progress ; 4.4 Progress without truth? ; CHAPTER 5: CRITICAL VOICES ; 5.0 A mixture of challenges ; 5.1 Diversity and the feminist critique ; 5.2 The cultural critique ; 5.3 The ecological critique ; 5.4 Anti-science ; 5.5 Science as a social endeavor ; 5.6 Knowledge and power ; CHAPTER 6: SCIENCE, VALUES, AND POLITICS ; 6.0 The aims of the sciences ; 6.1 Values and choices ; 6.2 The autonomy of the sciences ; 6.3 Powers behind the lab ; 6.4 What do `we` want to know? ; 6.5 Deciding what we know ; 6.6 Conclusionshow more

Rating details

13 ratings
3.69 out of 5 stars
5 15% (2)
4 46% (6)
3 31% (4)
2 8% (1)
1 0% (0)
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