The Philosophy of Psychiatry

The Philosophy of Psychiatry : A Companion

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Description

This is a comprehensive volume of original essays by leading thinkers that explores the newly emerging inter-disciplinary field of the philosophy of psychiatry. The contributors aim to define this exciting field and to highlight the philosophical assumptions and issues that underlie psychiatric theory and practice, the category of mental disorder, and rationales for its social, clinical and legal treatment. As a branch of medicine and a healing practice, psychiatry relies on presuppositions that are deeply and unavoidably philosophical. A new research field - the philosophy of psychiatry - began to form during the last two decades of the twentieth century. Prompted by a growing recognition that philosophical ideas underlie many aspects of clinical practice, psychiatric theorizing and research, mental health policy, and the economics and politics of mental health care, academic philosophers, practitioners, and philosophically trained psychiatrists have begun a series of vital, cross-disciplinary exchanges. This volume provides a guide to the most important yields of those exchanges.Leading thinkers in this area, including clinicians, philosophers, psychologists, and interdisciplinary teams, provide original discussions that are not only expository and critical, but also a reflection of their authors' distinctive and often powerful and imaginative viewpoints and theories. All the discussions break new theoretical ground. As befits such an interdisciplinary effort, they are methodologically eclectic, and varied and divergent in their assumptions and conclusions; together, they comprise a significant new exploration, definition, and mapping of the philosophical aspects of psychiatric theory and practice.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 447 pages
  • 180 x 254 x 32mm | 997.91g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • bibliographical references , index
  • 019514953X
  • 9780195149531

About Jennifer Radden

Jennifer Radden received her doctorate in philosophy from Oxford University and is Professor and Chair in the Philosophy Department at the University of Massachusetts, Boston. Her published research is on moral and conceptual issues arising out of the theory and practice of psychiatry.show more

Table of contents

Foreword; Introduction; PART 1: PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND NORMALCY; 1. Cognition: Brain Pain: Psychotic Cognition, Hallucination and Delusions; 2. Affectivity: Depression and Mania; 3. Desire: Paraphilia and Distress in DSM-IV; 4. Character: Moral Treatment and the Personality Disorders; 5. Action: Volitional Disorder and Addiction; 6. Self-Ascription: Thought Insertion; 7. Memory: The Nature and Significance of Dissociation; 8. Body: Disorders of Embodiment; 9. Identity: Personal Identity, Characterization Identity and Mental Disorder; 10. Development: Disorders of Childhood and Youth; PART 2: ANTINOMIES OF PRACTICE; 11. Diagnosis/Antidiagnosis; 12. Understanding/Explanation; 13. Reductionism/Anitreductionism; 14. Facts/Values: Ten Principles of Values-Based Medicine; PART 3: NORMS, VALUES AND ETHICS; 15. Gender; 16. Race and Culture; 17. Competence; 18. Dangerousness; 19. Treatment and Research Ethics; 20. Criminal Responsibility; 21. Religion; PART 4: THEORETICAL MODELS; 22. Darwinian Models of Psychopathology; 23. Psychoanalytic Models: Freud's Debt to Philosophy and His Copernican Revolution; 24. Phenomenology and Hermeneutic Models: Understanding and Interpretation in Psychiatry; 25. Neurobiological Models: An Unnecessary Divide - Neural Models in Psychiatry; 26. Cognitive-Behavioural Models: Cognitive-Behaviour Therapy; 27. Social Constructionist Models: Making Order out of Disorder - On the Social Construction of Madness; PART 5: CIRCUMSCRIBING MENTAL DISORDER; 28. Setting Benchmarks for Psychiatric Concepts; 29. Defining Mental Disorder; 30. Mental Health and Its Limitsshow more

Review quote

... this anthology is good read, a worthwhile 'companion' and an effective antidote against reductionism, scientism, and psychiatric hubris. Primary Care and Community Psychiatry Vol.10, No 1 The boundary between suffering that requires the ministrations of the medical profession and distress that should be coped with without professional intervention has become blurred, with massive implications in terms of cost and stress on the profession. It is in the attempt to bring some focus in this area that philosophy is desperately needed. Indeed, with the remorseless advance of medical technology it is likely that our ability to interfere with states of being that are statistically extremely common is always going to be on the increase, meaning that philosophy will become ever more relevant. This erudite volume, with is numerous practical examples, reminds us that philosophy and its tools of pitiless precision and brutal clarity are as vital a weapon against disease as brain scanners and multidisciplinary teams in the armament of modern medicine - perhaps even more so. Raj Persaud in the British Medical Journalshow more

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14 ratings
3.78 out of 5 stars
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4 43% (6)
3 29% (4)
2 7% (1)
1 0% (0)
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