Philosophy : The Quest for Truth

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Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth is one of the best-selling textbooks for the introduction to philosophy course. Now in its seventh edition, this acclaimed text provides an excellent selection of classical and contemporary readings on nineteen key problems in philosophy. Louis P. Pojman and new coeditor Lewis Vaughn have carefully organized the essays in each section so that they present pro/con dialogues that allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Topics covered include the nature of philosophy, logic, the existence of God, immortality, knowledge, the mind-body question, personal identity, free will and determinism, ethics, political philosophy, the meaning of life, abortion, capital punishment, animal rights, and affirmative action. Pojman and Vaughn provide substantial introductions to each major section. In addition, each of the eighty-four readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher.Short bibliographies following each major section, a detailed glossary of key terms, and an appendix--on reading and writing philosophy papers--further enhance the text's pedagogical value. FEATURES OF THE SEVENTH EDITION * Eleven new readings including selections by David Chalmers, Roderick M. Chisholm, Jerry A. Fodor, David Hume, Soren Kierkegaard, Don Marquis, Michael Martin, James Rachels, Bertrand Russell, Harvey Siegel, and Judith Jarvis Thomson * An expanded and improved discussion of logic and arguments (in Part I) * Updated headnotes and bibliographies * An Instructor's Manual that provides a concise summary of each reading; a bank of 672 test questions (multiple-choice and true/false); a set of essay questions for each reading; a list of key terms; sample syllabi/course schedules; and useful web links * An Online Student Study Guide containing more than three hundred study questions; flashcards for all key terms; two essay questions for each reading; and a list of helpful web links categorized by philosophical problemshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 730 pages
  • 190.5 x 231.14 x 27.94mm | 1,111.3g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 7th Revised edition
  • 0195311329
  • 9780195311327
  • 2,042,622

Table of contents

*=NEW TO THIS EDITION; EACH PART OPENS WITH AN INTRODUCTION AND ENDS WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING; Preface; I. WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?; 1. Plato: Socratic Wisdom; 2. John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth; 3. Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy; EXCURSUS: A LITTLE BIT OF LOGIC; II. PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION; II.A. IS BELIEF IN GOD RATIONALLY JUSTIFIED? ARGUMENTS FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD; 4. Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways; 5. William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle; 6. Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument; 7. William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker; 8. David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument; 9. St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument; 10. William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological Argument; II.B. WHY IS THERE EVIL?; 11. Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil?; 12. B.C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil?; 13. John Hick: There Is a Reason Why God Allows Evil; II.C. IS FAITH COMPATIBLE WITH REASON?; 14. Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith Is a Logical Bet; 15. W.K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief; 16. William James: The Will to Believe; 17. Antony Flew, R.M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: A Debate on the Rationality of Religious Belief; 18. Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief Without Evidence; * 19 Soren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth; * 20 Michael Martin: Holy Spirit Epistemology; * 21 Bertrand Russell; Can Religion Cure Our Troubles?; III. KNOWLEDGE; III.A. WHAT CAN WE KNOW? CLASSICAL THEORIES OF KNOWLEDGE; 22. Rene Descartes: Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge; 23. John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge; 24. George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge; 25. David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning; 26. John Hospers: An Argument Against Skepticism; III.B. TRUTH, RATIONALITY, AND COGNITIVE RELATIVISM; 27. Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth; 28. William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth; 29. Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus Objectivity; 30. Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth; * 31 Harvey Siegel: Relativism; IV. PHILOSOPHY OF MIND: THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM; IV.A. WHAT AM I? A MIND OR A BODY?; 32. Rene Descartes: Dualistic Interactionism; 33. Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine"; 34. J.P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism; 35. Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism; 36. Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat?; * 37 Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem; * 38 David Chalmers: Property Dualism; 39. John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers; IV.B. WHO AM I? DO WE HAVE PERSONAL IDENTITY?; 40. John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self; 41. David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identical; 42. Derek Parfit and Godfrey Vesey: Brain Transplants and Personal Identity: A Dialogue; IV.C. IS THERE LIFE AFTER DEATH? AM I IMMORTAL?; 43. Plato: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul; 44. Paul Edwards: An Argument Against Survival: The Dependence of Consciousness on the Brain; 45. John Hick: In Defense of Immortality; V. FREEDOM OF THE WILL AND DETERMINISM; Contra; 46. Baron d'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined; Pro; 47. William James: The Dilemma of Determinism; 48. Corliss Lamont: Freedom of the Will and Human Responsibility; * 49 Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self; Pro et Contra; 50. W.T. Stace: Compatibilism; 51. Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person; * 52 David Hume: Liberty and Necessity; Contra; 53. Richard Taylor: Fate; VI. ETHICS; VI.A. ARE THERE ANY MORAL ABSOLUTES OR IS MORALITY COMPLETELY RELATIVE?; 54. Ruth Benedict: Morality Is Relative; 55. James Rachels: Morality Is Not Relative; VI.B. ETHICS AND EGOISM: WHY SHOULD WE BE MORAL?; 56. Plato: Why Should I Be Moral?: Gyges' Ring and Socrates' Dilemma; 57. Ayn Rand: In Defense of Ethical Egoism; 58. Louis P. Pojman: A Critique of Ethical Egoism; VI.C. WHICH IS THE CORRECT ETHICAL THEORY?; 59. Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue; 60. Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law; 61. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism; 62. Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialist Ethics; * 63 James Rachels: The Divine Command Theory; VII. POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY; 64. Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism; 65. Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer; 66. John Locke: The Democratic Answer; 67. John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer; 68. John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer; VIII. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF LIFE?; 69. Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism; 70. Epictetus: Stoicism; 71. Albert Camus: Life is Absurd; 72. Lois Hope Walker: Religion Gives Meaning to Life; 73. Thomas Nagel: The Absurd; 74. Bertrand Russell: Reflections on Suffering; IX. PHILOSOPHY IN ACTION; IX.A. IS ABORTION MORALLY PERMISSIBLE?; Contra; * 75 Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral; Pro; 76. Mary Anne Warren: Abortion Is Morally Permissible; * 77 Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion; Pro et Contra; 78. Jane English: The Moderate Position; IX.B. IS THE DEATH PENALTY MORALLY PERMISSIBLE?; Pro; 79. Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible; 80. Hugo Adam Bedau: No, the Death Penalty Is Not Morally Permissible; IX.C. DO ANIMALS HAVE RIGHTS?; Pro; 81. Peter Singer: The Case for Animal Liberation; Contra; 82. Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights; IX.D. IS AFFIRMATIVE ACTION MORALLY JUSTIFIED?; Pro; 83. Albert Mosley: The Case for Affirmative Action; Contra; 84. Louis P. Pojman: The Case Against Affirmative Action; Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper; Glossaryshow more

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