The Philosophy of Logical Mechanism

The Philosophy of Logical Mechanism : Essays in Honor of Arthur W. Burks, With his responses

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Description

This work is divided into two parts. Part I contains sixteen critical es- says by prominent philosophers and computer scientists. Their papers offer insightful, well-argued contemporary views of a broad range of topics that lie at the heart of philosophy in the second half of the twen- tieth century: semantics and ontology, induction, the nature of prob- ability, the foundations of science, scientific objectivity, the theory of naming, the logic of conditionals, simulation modeling, the relatiOn be- tween minds and machines, and the nature of rules that guide be- havior. In this volume honoring Arthur W. Burks, the philosophical breadth of his work is thus manifested in the diverse aspects of that work chosen for discussion and development by the contributors to his Festschrift. Part II consists of a book-length essay by Burks in which he lays out his philosophy of logical mechanism while responding to the papers in Part I. In doing so, he provides a unified and coherent context for the range of problems raised in Part I, and he highlights interesting relationships among the topics that might otherwise have gone un- noticed. Part II is followed by a bibliography of Burks's published works.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 552 pages
  • 165.1 x 234.95 x 38.1mm | 1,005g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1990 ed.
  • 552 p.
  • 0792303253
  • 9780792303251

Table of contents

I: Critial Essays.- Is Science Really Inductive?.- Bolzano's Theory of Induction.- Cellular Space Models: New Formalism for Simulation and Science.- Some Reflections on Logical Truth as A Priori.- Semantics and Ontology: Arthur Burks and the Computational Perspective.- Names and Attitudes.- Machines and Behavior.- Finite Automata and Human Beings.- On Guiding Rules.- Actuality and Potentiality.- Burks's Logic of Conditionals.- Presuppositions and the Normative Content of Probability Statements.- Arthur Burks on the Presuppositions of Induction.- Taking Physical Probability Seriously.- Presuppositions of Induction.- Scientific Objectivity and the Evaluation of Hypotheses.- II: The Philosophy of Logical Mechanism.- The Philosophy of Logical Mechanism Replies by Arthur W. Burks.- 1.Introduction.- 2. The Logic of Science.- 2.1 What are the foundations of science?.- 2.2 Rules of induction and their formalization.- 2.3 Logical formalization and computer simulation.- 2.4 Modes of truth.- 3. Computer and Minds.- 3.1 Language and the environment.- 3.2 Persons and robots.- 3.3 Mind from the inner point of view.- 3.4 Mind and body.- 4. Evolution and Induction.- 4.1 Causal laws.- 4.2 Evolution and the presuppositions of induction.- 4.3 Probabilistic laws and empirical probabilities.- 4.4 Evolution, science, and values.- 5. The Philosophy of Logical Mechanism.- Notes.- References.- Bibliography of Works by Arthur W. Burks.- Name Index.
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