Philosophy and the Brain

Philosophy and the Brain

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Description

This book provides an explanation of how the intense activities of cells and brains are relevant to the work of philosophers and to questions about the nature of man, perception, freedom, determinism, and ethical values. It indicates to biologists the importance of them understanding philosophical concepts. The author argues that facts about the activities of the brain provide understanding of the individual as a responsible agent and so illuminate the problems of body and mind. He examines purpose, choice and value through their counterparts in the brain and their manifestations in other animals as well as man. The author describes what research and experiment have revealed about the brain and its functions. He demonstrates that perception is not a passive process but an active search for information: human knowledge, it is suggested, may be a special development of the process of gathering information for life which is essential for all organisms.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 240 pages
  • 128 x 192 x 20mm | 181.44g
  • Oxford University Press
  • Oxford Paperbacks
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • New edition
  • New edition
  • bibliography, index
  • 0192821679
  • 9780192821676

Table of contents

Part 1 Coding and representation: the problem; purpose, direction and history; what's in a brain?; mentality is not separate from the brain; the brain as an agent - brain programs; living and knowing; information; the maintenance of order - DNA; embryology, adaptation and evolution; the languages of life and of the brain; intentionality; representation and computation in the brain; the origin of signals in the cortex; changes in the brain before an intentional action; some sites of linguistic activity in the brain. Part 2 Perceiving: perception as a search for information; the senses in the skin and their cortical centres; taste and smell; pain and internal sensations; the senses of posture and balance; hearing; vision; the visual cortex; the eye's search for information; some theories of vision. Part 3 Learning: memory; memory as a process of selection; the hippocampus and memory; memory and development; summary of some essential features of memory systems. Part 4 Valuing: wants, needs and values; the hypothalamus; some examples of regulation; emotional responses; ethics; social man; beauty and the brain; freedom and determinism; what am I?. Notes. Index.show more

About J.Z. Young

About the Author J.Z.Young, Professor Emeritus at University College, London and Honorary Fellow of the British Academy, is a distinguished scientific researcher and has written many books, including An Introduction to the Study of Man, Programs of the Brain, and The Life of Vertebrates.show more

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10 ratings
3.9 out of 5 stars
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4 10% (1)
3 50% (5)
2 0% (0)
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