The Philosopher's Toolkit : A Compendium of Philosophical Concepts and Methods
Features significantly revised, updated and expanded entries, and an entirely new section drawn from methods in the history of philosophy
This edition has a broad, pluralistic approach--appealing to readers in both continental philosophy and the history of philosophy, as well as analytic philosophy
Explains difficult concepts in an easily accessible manner, and addresses the use and application of these concepts
Proven useful to philosophy students at both beginning and advanced levels
- Paperback | 300 pages
- 152 x 228 x 24mm | 459.99g
- 01 Jun 2010
- John Wiley and Sons Ltd
- Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
- Chicester, United Kingdom
- 2nd Edition
Other books in this series
02 Jun 2009
01 Dec 2015
13 May 2013
31 Aug 2009
15 Sep 2014
28 Feb 2012
20 Jan 2015
19 Jan 2016
03 Jun 2005
Back cover copy
The book begins with the basics of philosophical argumentation before moving on to address the important tools for assessment and criticism, the limits of argumentation and some of the radical critiques of standard philosophical methodology. Written in a highly accessible style, the entries are brought to life through the inclusion of vivid and colourful examples. For the second edition, many of the volume's original 87 entries have been enhanced, extended and updated, an entirely new chapter has been added on methods drawn from the history of philosophy, and the suggestions for further reading have been expanded.
This ingenious compendium of the methodologies and techniques of philosophy can be put to effective use in a variety of ways - as an introduction to the essentials of philosophical reflection, a comprehensive course on philosophical method or a quick reference for clear and concise accounts of key philosophical concepts and methods.
Table of contents
1. Basic Tools for Argument.
1.1 Arguments, premises and conclusions.
1.4 Validity and soundness.
1.11 Certainty and probability.
1.12 Tautologies, self-contradictions and the law of non-contradiction.
2. More Advanced Tools.
2.2 Hypothetico-deductive method.
2.5 Anomalies and exceptions that prove the rule.
2.6 Intuition pumps.
2.7 Logical constructions.
2.9 Thought experiments.
2.10 Useful fictions.
3. Tools for Assessment.
3.1 Alternative explanations.
3.3 Bivalence and the excluded middle.
3.4 Category mistakes.
3.5 Ceteris paribus.
3.7 Conceptual incoherence.
3.10 Error theory.
3.11 False dichotomy.
3.12 False cause.
3.13 Genetic fallacy.
3.14 Horned dilemmas.
3.15 Is/ought gap.
3.16 Masked man fallacy.
3.17 Partners in guilt.
3.18 Principle of charity.
3.23 Saving the phenomena.
3.24 Self-defeating arguments.
3.25 Sufficient reason.
4. Tools for Conceptual Distinctions.
4.1 A priori/a posteriori.
4.6 De re/de dicto.
4.11 Knowledge by acquaintance/description.
4.18 Thick/thin concepts.
5. Tools of Historical Schools and Philosophers.
5.1 Aphorism, fragment, remark.
5.2 Categories and specific differences.
5.3 Elenchus and aporia.
5.4 Hume's fork.
5.5 Indirect discourse.
5.6 Leibniz's law of identity.
5.7 Ockham's razor.
5.8 Phenomenological method(s).
5.9 Signs and signifiers.
5.10 Transcendental argument.
6. Tools for Radical Critique.
6.1 Class critique.
6.2 Deconstruction and the critique of presence.
6.3 Empiricist critique of metaphysics.
6.4 Feminist critique.
6.5 Foucaultian critique of power.
6.6 Heideggerian critique of metaphysics.
6.7 Lacanian critique.
6.8 Critiques of naturalism.
6.9 Nietzschean critique of Christian-Platonic culture.
6.10 Pragmatist critique.
6.11 Sartrean critique of 'bad faith'.
7. Tools at the Limit.
7.1 Basic beliefs.
7.2 Goedel and incompleteness.
7.3 Philosophy and/as art.
7.4 Mystical experience and revelation.
7.6 Possibility and impossibility.
7.8 Self-evident truths.
Internet Resources for Philosophers.
"This book is ... an encyclopedia of philosophy. It should be of great use as a quick and accurate reference guide to the skill of philosophy, especially for beginners, but also for instructors ... highly recommended." (Choice)
"Its choice of tools for basic argument ... is sound, while further tools for argument ... move through topics and examples concisely and wittily... Sources are well chosen and indicated step by step. Sections are cross-referenced (making it better than the Teach Youself "100 philosophical concepts") and supported by a useful index." (Reference Reviews)
"...the average person who is interested in arguments and logic but who doesn't have much background in philosophy would certainly find this book useful, as would anyone teaching a course on arguments, logic, and reasoning. Even introductory courses on philosophy in general might benefit because the book lays out so many of the conceptual "tools" which will prove necessary over students' careers." (About.com)
About Peter S. Fosl
The Philosophers Magazine.
Peter S. Fosl is Professor of Philosophy at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky.