Petroleum Measurement Manual: Sampling - Guide to Automatic Sampling of Liquids from Pipelines Pt. 6, Sect. 2

Petroleum Measurement Manual: Sampling - Guide to Automatic Sampling of Liquids from Pipelines Pt. 6, Sect. 2

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Description

Measurement accuracy is essential in the sale, purchase and handling of petroleum products. It avoids disputes between buyer and seller and provides control over losses. Accurate measurement involves the use of standard equipment and procedures. The Petroleum Measurement Committee of the Institute of Petroleum is responsible for the production and maintenance of standards and guides covering the various aspects of static and dynamic measurement of petroleum. These are issued as separate Parts and Sections of the Institute's "Petroleum Measurement Manual". Automatic pipeline sampling is a measurement activity that is still being developed. This Section of the Petroleum Measurement Manual has been prepared in the format of a Guide in order to give useful information about the present state of development and to recognise that there are still some problems for which there are as yet no definite answers. This Guide contains edited information from a number of different sources, some as yet unpublished. It attempts to be as up-to-date as the IP Panel can make it, but improved apparatus and better theories continue to appear. It is hoped that this guide will provide a foundation on which further developments can be built.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 100 pages
  • 220 x 290mm | 275g
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • John Wiley and Sons / Institute of Petroleum
  • Chichester, United Kingdom
  • Revised
  • 3rd Revised edition
  • illustrations, index
  • 0471917990
  • 9780471917991

Table of contents

Scope and Definitions: Types of Mixture, Types of Transfer, Manual Sampling; Types of Automatic Sampler: System Designs, Sample Receivers, Monitoring and Verification of Sample Collection; Factors Which Influence Sampling Equipment Selection: Pipeline Operating Mode, Composition Variation, Liquid Properties; The Sample Probe: Location, Design, Operation: Pipeline Contents Mixers: Static Mixers, Powered Mixers; Installation: Pressure and Temperature, Area Classification, Installation Procedures; Sampling System Performance: Determination of Accuracy by Water Injection, Estimation of Repeatability; Maintaining the Performance of Sampling Equipment: Maintenance Procedures, Identification of Faults of Problems; Operational and Safety Precautions: Electrical Safety, Spillages and Releases, Maintenance and Inspection; Sample Handling, Representative Sub-Sampling and Analysis: Sample Handling in the Field, Sample Labelling and Records, Sample Handling in the Laboratory; Sampling Systems Applications - Summary and Checklist.show more