Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs and Substances
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Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs and Substances : Issues, Influences and Impacts

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Description

In the pursuit of more muscle, enhanced strength, sustained endurance and idealised physiques, an increasing number of elite athletes, recreational sport enthusiasts and body-conscious gym-users are turning to performance and image enhancing drugs and substances (PIEDS). In many instances, such use occurs with little regard for the health, social and economic consequences.


This book presents a nuanced, evidence-based examination of PIEDS. It provides a classification of PIEDS types, physical impacts, rates of use, user profiles, legal and sporting status, and remedial program interventions, covering both elite and recreational use.





It offers the perfect guide to assist students, government policy makers and sport managers in understanding the complex issues surrounding PIEDS consumption.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 166 pages
  • 159 x 235 x 9.4mm | 320g
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 5 Tables, black and white
  • 1138492957
  • 9781138492950
  • 2,011,706

Table of contents

1. Apply, Ingest, Inject and Regret: Introduction to Performance and Image Enhancing Substances Introduction - Overview of the Book


Summary of Key Points


Understanding PIEDS


Life-courses


Gateways to Use


Transitions between Substances


Conclusion





2. Power, Pleasure, Fat and Fit: Dietary and Nutritional Supplements as PIEDS


Introduction


What are Dietary and Nutritional Supplements?


Patterns of DNS Use


Motives for Use


Influences on Use


Concerns about Use


Conclusion





3. Use, Abuse, Patterns and Profiles: Scale and Scope of PIEDS use in Sport


Introduction


Prevalence of Drug Use in Sport and the Community


Anecdotal Accounts of Use


Results of Drug Testing Regimes


Surveys of Reported Drug Use


Community Surveys


Player and Athlete Surveys


Surveys of Students


In-depth Qualitative Research using Player and Athlete Interviews


Conclusion





4. Channels, Choices, Causes and Codes: The Impact of Culture, Values, and Ethnicity


Introduction


Determinants of PIEDS Use and Intervention Approaches


Contextual Influences on Athlete Attitudes and Use of PIEDS


Personality and Identity


People of Influence


Early Sporting Experiences


Commercial Pressures


Sporting Culture


Attitudes to Substance Use in Sport


PIEDS Interventions in Community and Non-Elite Sport


Intervention Studies


Conclusion





5. Thoughts, Functions, Brains and Boosters: Cognitive Enhancers as PIEDS


Introduction


Common Types and Use of Cognitive Enhancers


Impact and Ethics of Cognitive Enhancement


Cognitive Enhancement in Sport


Challenges for Athletes


Usage


Conclusion





6. Protein, Prohormones, Steroids and Stimulants: Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs and Substances Typology of Classes


Introduction


Dietary & Nutritional Supplements


Human Enhancement


Performance Enhancing Drugs And Substances


Conclusion





7. Givens, Gaps, Confidences and Cautions: Conclusion


Introduction - A Growth Industry


Summary of Key Points


Conclusion


Endnotes
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About Aaron Smith

Aaron C. T. Smith is Professor of Sport Business at the Institute for Sport Business, Loughborough University London, UK. His research investigates psychological, organisational and policy change in sport, business, health, religion, technology and society.


Bob Stewart is a Principle Consultant with Aztek Developments and a former Professor of Sport Policy in the College of Sport and Exercise Science at Victoria University, Australia. Bob has a special interest in player regulation in professional team sports, and the ways in which the forces of neoliberalism and hyper-commercialism shape the structure and conduct of contemporary sport.


Kate Westberg is Associate Professor of Marketing at RMIT University, Australia. Her research focuses primarily on the areas of sport marketing and sponsorship, branding, social marketing and behavioural change.


Constantino Stavros is Associate Professor of Marketing at RMIT University, Australia, and the Editor-in-Chief of Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal. His research interests lie predominantly at the intersection of consumption and technology.
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